Quiz #3 Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz #3 Terms Deck (27):
1

Fowler Position

The posture assumed when the head of the bed is raised 45-60 degrees and his or her knees are elevated slightly. 

2

Hypertrophy

Enlargment of a Muscle organ

3

Pressure Ulcer

Reddened areas, sores, or ulcers of the skin occurring over bony prominnces. 

4

Spirituality

belief in or relationship with some higher power, creative force, driving being, or infinite source of energy 

5

Bronchodilators

A substance, usually a drug, that relaxes contractions of teh smoth muscle of the bronchioles to improve ventilation to the lungs. 

 

Perscribed to improve aeration in asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and bronchiectasis.

6

Antianginals

a medication which is used to treat angina, a form of chest pain which develops when the supply of blood to the heart becomes restricted.

 

medications such as nitroglicerin and beta blockers are antianginals

7

Eupnea

normal quite breathing

8

Petechiae

Numerous tiny purple or red spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages within the dermal or submucosal layers. 

 

derrived from latin word perecchie, meaning flea bites

pet (fleas) looks like many flea bites......

9

Erythema

A reddness tinge of skin color associated with a variety of skin rashes. 

 

eryth/o (red) 

 

 

10

Ischemia

A deficiency of blood supply caused by obstruction of circulation to the body part. 

11

Flaccid

Weak or Lax

12

Fascia

Fibrous connective membrane of the body. Encases and holds together muscle fibers.

13

Immobility

Perscribed or unavoidable restriction of movement in any area of a person's life. 

14

Cellulitis

Acute bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most commonly by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling. 

 

ocassionally by fever, malaise, chills, and headache. 

15

Inflammation

Local and nonspecific defensive tissue response to injury or destruction of cells. 

16

Purulent

Producing or containing pus

17

Senile

Pertaining to or characteristic of old age or the process of aging. 

18

Symptom

A subjective indication of a disease or a change in condition as perceived by the patient. 

19

Subjective Data

data that are apparent only to the person affected; can be described or verified only by that person.

 

 

20

Assessment

An evaluation or appraisal of a condition. 

The process of making such an evaluation.

an examiners evaluation of the disease or condition based on the patients subjective report of teh symptoms and course of teh illness or condition and the examiner's objective finding. 

21

Circumduction

circular movements of the limb or eye. 

 

(one of the four basic movements allowed by various joints in the skeleton it is a combination of abduction, adduction, and extention flexation.)

 

(pg. 371)

22

Adduction

Movement of the limb toward the midline or axis of the body. 

23

Abduction

Movment of a limb away from the midline or axis of the body. 

24

Proximal

Near to the point of referance or attachment, usually the trunk of the body. 

25

Distal

Away from or furthest from the point of origin or attachment.

Away for furthest from the midline or central point. 

26

Trendelenburg position

Position in which the head is lower and the body and legs are on an inclined plane. 

Used 

27

Ambulation

The ability to walk from place to place independently, with or without assistant device.