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Flashcards in Exam 6 Deck (21):
1

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing or feeling short of breath

2

Orthopnea

Difficulty breathing when lying down

3

Stridor

Harsh, high-pitches, crowing-like sound heard on inspiration

4

Apnea

No respirations

5

Bradypnea

Respiratory rate <12

6

Eupnea

Reapiratory rate 12-20; quite, rhythmic, and effortlessl. Normal breathing 

7

Tachypnea

respiratory rate >20

8

Hyperpnea

exaggerated deep, rapid, or labored respirations. (ex. kussmal's) 

9

Hyperventilation

respiratory rate or depth, or both, is > that what is required to med the body's need. 

10

Hypoventilation

Respiratory rate or depth, or both is <  what is required to meet the bodies need. 

11

Cheyne-Strokes Respirations

Rhythmic changes between very deep, very shallow, or deep respirations intersperssed with apnea. 

12

Biot's (cluster) respirations

Periods of rapid, shallow, or deep respirations interspersed with apnea. 

13

Agonal respirations

Progressively shallow & slower respirations that may precede death; may have a "gasping fish" type of appearance.

14

Hypoxia

Low levels of oxygen in the tissue

15

Hypoxemia

low levels of oxygen in the blood

 

16

Hypercarbia/hypercapnea

high levels of CO2 in the blood

17

Tidal Volume

represents the amount of air ventilated in one breath. 1 inspration and 1 expiration

18

Somnolence

decreased LOC; hard to arouse

19

Solutes

Particles or substances in solutions

20

Solvent

Liquid or Fluid part. (Water is the solvant in the human body)

21

Homeostasis

State of internal equilibrium when all body systems are in order.