Difficulty breathing or feeling short of breath
Difficulty breathing when lying down
Harsh, high-pitches, crowing-like sound heard on inspiration
Respiratory rate <12
Reapiratory rate 12-20; quite, rhythmic, and effortlessl. Normal breathing
respiratory rate >20
exaggerated deep, rapid, or labored respirations. (ex. kussmal’s)
respiratory rate or depth, or both, is > that what is required to med the body’s need.
Respiratory rate or depth, or both is < what is required to meet the bodies need.
Rhythmic changes between very deep, very shallow, or deep respirations intersperssed with apnea.
Biot’s (cluster) respirations
Periods of rapid, shallow, or deep respirations interspersed with apnea.
Progressively shallow & slower respirations that may precede death; may have a “gasping fish” type of appearance.
Low levels of oxygen in the tissue
low levels of oxygen in the blood
high levels of CO2 in the blood
represents the amount of air ventilated in one breath. 1 inspration and 1 expiration
decreased LOC; hard to arouse
Particles or substances in solutions
Liquid or Fluid part. (Water is the solvant in the human body)
State of internal equilibrium when all body systems are in order.