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Flashcards in Associations Deck (44):
1

Most common cause of pneumonia in kids 1 yo or younger

RSV

2

Most common cause of pneumonia in neonates

E coli/GBStrep

3

Pneumonia in patients with other health problems (eg COPD exacerbation)

Kleb

4

Most common cause of viral pneumonia

RSV

5

Rust Colored Sputum

Strep Pneumo

6

Blood in urine with renal stones, organism?

Proteus

7

CSF in: 1) Bacteria 2) Tb/Fungi, 3) Viruses

1) Dec Gluc, Inc Protein, Inc opening pressure, Neutrophils
2) Dec Gluc, Inc Protein, Inc opening pressure, Lymphocytes
3) Norm Glu, protein, opening pressure with Lymphocytes

8

Steeple Sign on X Ray?

Croup=Parainfluenza

9

Thumb sign on X Ray?

Epiglottis from H Flu type B

10

Antidote for Salicylates

Sodium Bicard (alkalinize urine)

11

Antidote for Amphetamines

Ammonium Chloride (alkalinize urine)

12

Antidote for Cholinesterase Inhibitors/Organophophatase

Pralidoximine (anticholesterase inhibitor), Atropine

13

Antidote for Antimuscurinic/anticholinergic agents

Physostigmine (not neostigine cuz doesn't cross BBB)

14

Antidote for Beta Blockers

Ca2+, Glucagon, Atropine

15

Arsenic Mercury gold

Dimercaprol (Dime=currency=gold; MER=mercury)

16

Antidote for Cyanide

Nitites, THIOSULFATE

17

Antidote for Methemoglobin

Vit C, Methylene Blue

18

Antidote for Methanol

Ethanol, Fomepizole

19

Antidote for TCAs?

Sodium Bicarb (Alkalinize Urine)

20

Antidote for Theophyline (sxs?)

B-Blockers (theophyline is like caffeine: Abdominal pain, vomtting, seizures, and cardiac arrthymias)

21

Focal Myocardial inflammation with multinucleate giant cells

Aschoff bodies

22

Eosinophilic Cytoplasmic Globules near nuclei of hepatoctyes

Mallory bodies of ETOHic liver disease

23

Desquamated Epithelial Casts in Sputum

Curschman Spirals of Bronchial Asthma

24

Onion skin of periosteal region

Ewing's Sarcoma

25

Pseudopalisading tumor cell arrangement

Glioblastoma multiforme

26

Most common causes of Menigitis in Newborn (3)

Group B strep, E coli, Listeria

27

Hesselbach's Triangle?

Inferior Epigastric A, Rectus Abdominus A, Inguinal Ligmanet

28

Neural Tumors and Pigmented Iris Harmartomas

NF1

29

Facial Lesions, Seizure disorder, Cancer risk

TSC

30

Cystic Medial Necrosis of Aorta

Marfan's

31

TCA toxicity?

3 C's: Convulsions, Cardiotox, Coma

32

Lysosomal Storage Disease Associated with Renal failure?

Fabry's Disease

33

Lysosomal Storage disease inheritance

All auto rec except for Fabry's and Hunters (x-linked rec; "x marks the spot for treasure HUNTERS")

34

Most common lysosomal storage

Gauchers

35

Crumpled tissue paper macrophages?

Gauchers

36

Lysosomal storage disease with aseptic necrosis of femur?

Gauchers

37

Lysosomal storage disease with early death (3)?

Tay Sachs, Neimann Pick Disease, Krabbe Disease

38

DD the following with Mental Retardation and Corneal clouding: 1) Hurlers, 2) Hunters, 3) Scheie syndrome 4) I-cell disease

1) Corneal Clouding + MR
2) MR
3) Corneal clouding (shceie is a milder version of hurlers)
4) Corneal clouding +/- MR

39

Arylsulfatase A def?

Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

40

Alpha Galactosidase A def?

Fabry (FabRAY for alpha galactosidase A***)

41

Galactocerbrosidase Def?

Krabbe ("galactic crab")

42

B-glucocerebrosidase def?

Gaucher (gouge your eyes and you get glucose and cerebrus type fluid coming out)

43

Cherry Red spot on retina DD?

Tay Sachs (no HSM)
Neiman Pick (HSM)
Central Retinal Artery occulusion

44

CTFR gene on?

Chromo 7