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Human Anatomy & Physiology 1 > Atlas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Atlas Deck (72):
1

lying face down

prone

2

lying face up

supine

3

person is standing upright
feet flat on the floor
arms at the sides
palms & face directed forward is called....

anatomical position

4

implies an actual cut or slice to reveal internal anatomy

section

5

implies an imaginary flat surface passing through the body

plane

6

What are the 3 major anatomical planes?

sagittal
frontal
transverse

7

sagittal plane

passes vertically through the body or an organ & divides into left & right

8

equal left and right half planes vs unequal left and right half planes

median (midsagittal) plane vs parasagittal plane

9

frontal plane

passes vertically and perpendicular to sagittal plane, except it divides the body into anterior & posterior portions

10

transverse plane

passes across the body or an organ perpendicular to its long axis, divides into superior & inferior portions

11

Words that describe the location of one structure relative to another

directional terms

12

toward the front

ventral

13

toward the back or spine

dorsal

14

toward the ventral side

anterior

15

toward the dorsal side

posterior

16

toward the head or superior end

cephalic

17

toward the forehead or nose

rostral

18

toward the tail or inferior end

caudal

19

above

superior

20

below

inferior

21

toward the median plane

medial

22

away from the median plane

lateral

23

closer to the point of attachment

proximal

24

farther from the point of attachment

distal

25

on the same side of the body

ipsilateral

26

on opposite sides of the body

contralateral

27

closer to the body surface

superficial

28

farther from the body surface

deep

29

used to denote the upper surface of the foot & the back of the hand

dorsum

30

what are the 2 major regions of the body & what do they contain?

axial:consists of the head, neck & trunk
appendicular: consists of the upper & lower limbs

31

what are the 2 major cavities?

dorsal
ventral

32

What cavities make up the ventral cavity?

Thoracic cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity

33

What cavities make up the dorsal cavity?

Vertebral cavity
Cranial cavity

34

nasal

nose

35

oral

mouth

36

cervical

neck

37

axillary

armpit

38

mammary

breast

39

brachial

upper arm

40

antecubital

front of the elbow

41

abdominal

abdomen

42

antebrachial

lower arm

43

carpal

wrist

44

manus

hand

45

digital

fingers

46

pubic

genitals

47

crural

lower leg

48

tarsal

ankle

49

orbital

eye socket

50

buccal

cheek

51

mental

chin

52

sternal

breastbone

53

thoracic

chest

54

umbilical

navel

55

inguinal

groin

56

coxal

hip

57

patellar

anterior knee

58

pedal

foot

59

otic

ear

60

occipital

back of head

61

vertebral

spinal column

62

dorsum

back

63

lumbar

lower back

64

sacral

between hips

65

gluteal

buttock

66

perineal

anus to genitalia

67

femoral

thigh

68

popliteal

posterior knee

69

sural

calf

70

plantar

sole

71

the pericardial cavity is located in which cavity?

thoracic cavity

72

how many organ systems does the human body have?what are they?

11:
integumentary
skeletal
muscular
nervous
endocrine
circulatory
lymphatic
respiratory
urinary
digestive
reproductive