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1

Who studied the authoritarian personality

Adorno

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Aim

To investigate the cause of obedient behaviour

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Procedure

Participants were 2000 white middle class Americans. Took part in a study who looked at their unconscious attitudes towards racial groups. In order to test this the f-scale was used. Questions included obedience and respect for authority are he lost important virtues a child should learn and rules are there for people to follow not change

4

Findings

Those who scored high on the f-scale were characterised as showing excessive respect and obedient to those of higher status. They also had strong distinctive opinions about other groups. There was a strong positive correlation between obedience and authoritarian personality

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Conclusion

Adorno concluded that people of this personality type are obedient

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Advantages

Using questionnaires are less time consuming as they can just give them out and analyse results
Graphs can be used to analyse and collect results

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Disadvantages

Lacks population validity as all participants were white middle class Americans can't generalise

Questionnaires - people may misinterpret what something means some people may lie this means may lack validity

8

Authoritarian personality

A peronality type who is very obedient to those who have power over them