Explanations For Forgetting✅ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Explanations For Forgetting✅ Deck (16):
1

Two explanations for forgetting

Interference theory
Retrieval failure

2

Two types of interference

Retroactive and proactive

3

Retroactive interference

New memories interfering with old memories

4

Proactive interference

Old memories interfering with the retrieval of new memories

5

Study that supports retroactive i

Muller

6

Study that supports proactive

Underwood

7

Example of proactive

Changing password in your phone and remembering the old one but not the new

8

Example of retroactive

Learning Spanish in year 9, and then French in year 10 and then being tested on Spanish

9

interference

Explanation for forgetting in terms of one memory disrupting with the recall of another

10

Muller and underwood advantage

Both in a lab, so they were controlled, although lacks ecological validity

11

Retrieval failure

Occurs due to the absence of cues. Based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is available but not accessible

12

Cues

Things that serve as a reminder

13

Cues can be

External or internal

14

External

If all the cues are in the same place it's easier to retrieve the info

15

Internal

Linked to a persons state when encoding a memory, if a persons in the same state as they were when encoding they'll get the best retrieval

16

Who researched into retrieval failure

Tulving and pearlstone