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Flashcards in Authors Deck (18):
1

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

Birth

Country/City

Significance

Death

b.1564

City: London

He wrote over 150 sonnets and is regarded as the greatest Anglophone writer. A large number of familiar English sayings and expressions come from his works. He spent most of his life in London, where he managed the Globe Theatre.

d. 1616

2

VOLTAIRE

Dates

Significance

b. 1694

Significance: Voltaire had a considerable influence on both the French and American Revolutions, and was notable for his satirical wit in championing freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and the separation of church and state.

d. 1778

3

DANTE

Dates

Significance

Most famous work

1265-1321

Significance: Dante was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages/Early Renaissance. Dante defended use of the vernacular in literature, writing in Italian instead of Latin. Dante has been called "the Father of the Italian language" and one of the most important writers of Western civilization.

Work: His Divine Comedy is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.

4

GEOFFREY CHAUCER

Dates

Significance

Most famous work

1343 – 1400

Significance: Known as the Father of English literature, Chaucer's work was crucial in legitimizing the literary use of the Middle English vernacular at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin.

Work: The Canterbury Tales.

5

The Divine Comedy

Author

Dates written and published

Significance

Author: Dante (1265-1321)

Dates: written 1308-1320, published 1472

Significance: Vernacular

The Divine Comedy is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language. Dante defended use of the vernacular in literature, writing in Italian instead of Latin. Dante has been called "the Father of the Italian language"

6

The Canterbury Tales

Author

Date of publication

Significance

Author: Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400)

Date: 1387

Significance: Vernacular

The tales (mostly written in verse, although some are in prose) are presented as part of a story-telling contest by a group of pilgrims as they travel together on a journey from London to Canterbury.

Known as the Father of English literature, Chaucer's work was crucial in legitimizing the literary use of the Middle English vernacular at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin.

7

HOMER

Dates

~700 BCE

8

HOMER

Dates

Works

Legend

~700 BCE

the Iliad and the Odyssey

"Blind Bard" from Ionia

Homer is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems which are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a ~blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider them legends.

9

ODYSSEY

Date

Author

Plot

~700 BCE

The Odyssey focuses on the journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy.

10

THE ILIAD

Date

Author

Plot and Timeline

Two main Characters

~700 BCE

The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war.

11

St. THOMAS AQUINAS

Dates

Significance

St. Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274

1265–1274: Summa Theologica Written

An Italian priest and influential philosopher and theologian. His teaching and writings were the bedrock of late Medieval philosophy, and sought to reconcile faith and reason by using logic to support Christian doctrine. His reliance on logic would be countered by humanists during and after the Renaissance.

His ideas remain influential today; his Summa Theologica is still used in theology and philosophy classes.

12

St. THOMAS AQUINAS

Major Work

Summa Theologica (Written : 1265–1274)

1225-1274

His teaching and writings were the bedrock of late Medieval philosophy, and sought to reconcile faith and reason by using logic to support Christian doctrine. His reliance on logic would be countered by humanists during and after the Renaissance.

His ideas remain influential today; his Summa Theologica is still used in theology and philosophy classes.

13

SUMMA THEOLOGICA

1265–1274: Written
St. Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274

His teaching and writings were the bedrock of late Medieval philosophy, and sought to reconcile faith and reason by using logic to support Christian doctrine. His reliance on logic would be countered by humanists during and after the Renaissance.

His ideas remain influential today; his Summa Theologica is still used in theology and philosophy classes.

14

Why was the Essay invented?

Montaigne (1533-1592) created the essay, a form which allowed him to test out and examine his ideas in literary form. Montaigne was a skeptic and viewed certainty as impossible; thus he argued that tolerance of others' viewpoints was necessary.

Montaigne's motto was "What do I know?" and he used his essays to try and discover the answer to that question.

Essais, a collection of a large number of short subjective treatments of various topics published in 1580.

15

First Essays Published?

Essais, a collection of a large number of short subjective treatments of various topics published in 1580.

Montaigne (1533-1592)

16

Ogden Nash

Dates

Isabel

1902-1971

1930s: Isabel

17

What are the two major sources of Norse mythology

Names

Dates

The Poetic Edda, which came first, is a collection of Old Norse poems
The Prose Edda is a collection of writings compiled around 1200 A.D.

18


Don Quixote

Author

Dates two volumes

Themes

Written by Miguel de Cervantes in two volumes in 1605 and 1615,

Don Quixote poked fun at the chivalric notions of Spanish nobles and the actions of priests, while maintaining its central theme -- that individuals can be right while society as a whole is wrong.