Name Origins for all 118 Elements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Name Origins for all 118 Elements Deck (118):
1

H

Name: Hydrogen

Name Origin - Greek: Hydro and Genes, meaning water forming

2

He

Name: Helium

Name Origin - Greek: helios, meaning Sun

3

Li

Name: Lithium

Name Origin - Greek: lithos, meaning stone

4

Be

Name: Beryllium

Name Origin - Greek: beryllos, named for the semi-prescious stone

5

B

Name: Boron

Name Origin - Arabic: buraq (borax)

6

C

Name: Carbon

Name Origin - Latin: carbo, meaning charcoal

7

N

Name: Nitrogen

Name Origin - Greek: nitron genes, meaning saltpetre forming

8

O

Name: Oxygen

Name Origin - Greek: oxy genes, meaning acid forming

9

F

Name: Fluorine

Name Origin - Latin: fluere, meaning to flow

10

Ne

Name: Neon 

Name Origin - Greek: neos, meaning new

11

Na

Name: Sodium

Name Origin - Latin: natrium, meaning soda

 

12

Mg

Name: Magnesium

Name Origin - Greek: named after a district of thessaly called Magnesia

13

Al

Name: Aluminium

Name Origin - Latin: alum or alumen, meaning numeral name

14

Si

Name: Silicon

Name Origin - Latin: silicis, meaning flint

 

15

P

Name: Phosphorus

Name Origin - Greek: phosporos, meaning bringer of light

 

16

S

Name: Sulphur

Name Origin - Latin: sulphurium, or from Sanskirt: sulvere, both meaning sulphur

 

17

Cl

Name: Chlorine

Name Origin - Greek: chloros, meaning pale green

 

18

Ar

Name: Argon

Name Origin - Greek: argos, meaning inactive

 

19

K

Name: Potassium

Name Origin - Latin: Kalium, also English for potash

 

20

Ca

Name: Calcium

Name Origin - Latin: calx, meaning lime

 

21

Sc

Name: Scandium

Name Origin - Latin: scandia, meaning scandinavia

 

22

Ti

Name: Titanium

Name Origin - Greek: the Titans in greek mythology

 

23

V

Name: Vandium

Name Origin - Norse: Vanadis, name of the scandinavian goddess Freyja.

24

Cr

Name: Chromium

Name Origin - Greek: chroma, meaning color

25

Mn

Name: Manganese

Name Origin - Latin: magnes, meaning magnet

26

Fe

Name: Iron

Name Origin - Latin: ferrum, meaning iron

27

Co

Name: Cobalt

Name Origin - German: Kobald, meaning goblin

28

Ni

Name: Nickel

Name Origin - German: Kupfernickel, meaning devil's copper or St. Nicholas' copper

29

Cu

Name: Copper

Name Origin - Latin: Cyprium aes, meaning metal from Cyprus

30

Zn

Name: Zinc

Name Origin - German: Zink 

31

Ga

Name: Gallium

Name Origin - Latin: Gallia, latin name for France

32

Ge

Name: Germanium

Name Origin - Latin: Germania, latin name for Germany

33

As

Name: Arsenic

Name Origin - Greek: arsenikon, the pigment yellow 

34

Se

Name: Selenium

Name Origin - Greek: selene, meaning moon

35

Br

Name: Bromine

Name Origin - Greek: bromos, meaning stench

36

Kr

Name: Krypton

Name Origin - Greek: kryptos, meaning hidden

37

Rb

Name: Rubidium

Name Origin - Latin: rubidus, meaning red

38

Sr

Name: Strontium

Name Origin - Named after a town in Scotland: Strontian

39

Y

Name: Yttrium

Name Origin - Named after a Swedish town: Ytterby 

40

Zr

Name: Zirconium

Name Origin - Arabic: zargun, meaning gold color

41

Nb

Name: Niobium

Name Origin - Greek: Niobe, meaning daughter of Tantalus

42

Mo

Name: Molybdenum

Name Origin - Greek: molybdos, meaning lead

43

Tc

Name: Technetium

Name Origin - Greek: tekhnetos, meaning artificial.

44

Ru

Name: Ruthenium

Name Origin - Latin: Ruthenia, meaning Russia

45

Rh

Name: Rhodium

Name Origin - Greek: rhodon, meaning rose

46

Pd

Name: Palladium

Name Origin - Named after the asteroid, Pallas

47

Ag

Name: Silver

Name Origin - Latin: argentum, meaning silver

48

Cd

Name: Cadmium

Name Origin - Latin: cadmia, meaning mineral calomine

49

In

Name: Indium

Name Origin - Named after indigo, the color of the brightest line in its spectrum

50

Sn

Name: Tin

Name Origin - Latin: stannum or stagnum, meaning dripping

51

Sb

Name: Antimony

Name Origin - Latin: stibium, meaning mark

52

Te

Name: Tellurium

Name Origin - Latin: tellus, meaning Earth

53

I

Name: Iodine

Name Origin - Greek: iodes, meaning violet

54

Xe

Name: Xenon

Name Origin - Greek: xenos, meaning strange

55

Cs

Name: Caesium

Name Origin - Latin: caesius, meaning sky blue

56

Ba

Name: Barium

Name Origin - Greek: barys, meaning heavy 

57

Hf

Name: Hafnium

Name Origin - Latin: hafnia, meaning Copenhagen

58

Ta

Name: Tantalum

Name Origin - Greek: Tantalus, the father of Niobe in Greek mythology 

59

W

Name: Tungsten

Name Origin - German: wolfram or wolf rahm, meaning dirt 

60

Re

Name: Rhenium

Name Origin - Latin: Rhenus, meaning River Rhine 

61

Os

Name: Osmium

Name Origin - Greek: osme, meaning smell 

62

Ir

Name: Iridium

Name Origin - Latin: iris, meaning rainbow 

63

Pt

Name: Platinum

Name Origin - Spanish: platina, meaning silver 

64

Au

Name: Gold

Name Origin - Latin: aurum, meaning gold 

65

Hg

Name: Mercury

Name Origin - Latin: hydragyrum, meaning liquid silver 

66

Tl

Name: Thallium

Name Origin - Greek: thallos, meaning green shoot 

67

Pb

Name: Lead

Name Origin - Latin: plumbum, meaning lead 

68

Bi

Name: Bismuth

Name Origin - German: weisse Masse, meaning white mass (also Latin: bisemutum) 

69

Po

Name: Polonium

Name Origin - Named after Poland (by Marie Curie)

70

At

Name: Astatine

Name Origin - Greek: astatos, meaning unstable 

71

Rn

Name: Radon

Name Origin - Named after the element radium

72

Fr

Name: Francium

Name Origin - Named after France

73

Ra

Name: Radium

Name Origin - Latin: radius, meaning ray 

74

Rf

Name: Rutherfordium

Name Origin - Named after Lord Rutherford

75

Db

Name: Dubnium

Name Origin - Named after Dubna, Russia 

76

Sg

Name: Seaborgium

Name Origin - Named after Glenn T. Seaborg 

77

Bh

Name: Bohrium

Name Origin - Named after Niels Bohr 

78

Hs

Name: Hassium

Name Origin - Latin: Hassias, meaning Hess (the German state) 

79

Mt

Name: Meitnerium

Name Origin - Named after Lise Meitner 

80

Ds

Name: Darmstadtium

Name Origin - Named after Darmstadt in Germany 

81

Rg

Name: Roentgenium

Name Origin - Named after Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen 

82

Cn

Name: Copernicium

Name Origin - Named after Nicolaus Copernicus 

83

Uut

Name: Ununtrium

Name Origin - the temporary name for element 113 

84

Fl

Name: Flerovium

Name Origin - Named after Georgy Flyorov 

85

Uup

Name: Ununpentium

Name Origin - the temporary name for element 115 

86

Lv

Name: Livermorium

Name Origin - Named after the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 

87

Uus

Name: Ununseptium

Name Origin - the temporary name for element 117 

88

Uuo

Name: Ununoctium

Name Origin - the temporary name for element 118

89

La

Name: Lanthanum

Name Origin - Greek: lanthana, meaning to lie hidden 

90

Ce

Name: Cerium

Name Origin - Named after the asteroid Ceres 

91

Pr

Name: Praseodymium

Name Origin - Greek: prasios didymos, meaning green twin 

92

Nd

Name: Neodymium

Name Origin - Greek: neos didymos, meaning new twin 

93

Pm

Name: Promethium

Name Origin - Named after Prometheus in Greek mythology 

94

Sm

Name: Samarium

Name Origin - Named after the mineral samarskite 

95

Eu

Name: Europium

Name Origin - Named after Europe 

96

Gd

Name: Gadolinium

Name Origin - Named after J. Gadolin 

97

Tb

Name: Terbium

Name Origin - Named after the Swedish town of Ytterby (?)

98

Dy

Name: Dysprosium

Name Origin - Greek: dysprositos, meaning hard to get 

99

Ho

Name: Holmium

Name Origin - Latin: Holmia, meaning Stockholm

100

Er

Name: Erbium

Name Origin - Named after the Swedish town of Ytterby (?)

101

Tm

Name: Thulium

Name Origin - Named after Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia 

102

Yb

Name: Ytterbium

Name Origin - Named after the Swedish town of Ytterby

103

Lu

Name: Lutetium

Name Origin - Latin: Lutetia, meaning Paris

104

Ac

Name: Actinium

Name Origin - Greek: aktino, meaning ray

105

Th

Name: Thorium

Name Origin - Named after Thor

106

Pa

Name: Protactinium

Name Origin - Greek: protos aktino, meaning first ray 

107

U

Name: Uranium

Name Origin - Named after the planet Uranus

108

Np

Name: Neptunium

Name Origin - Named after the planet Neptune 

109

Pu

Name: Plutonium

Name Origin - Named after the planet Pluto 

110

Am

Name: Americium

Name Origin - Named after America 

111

Cm

Name: Curium

Name Origin - Named after Pierre and Marie Curie 

112

Bk

Name: Berkelium

Name Origin - Named after Berkeley, CA

113

Cf

Name: Califronium

Name Origin - Named after California

114

Es

Name: Einsteinium

Name Origin - Named after Albert Einstein

115

Fm

Name: Fermium

Name Origin - Named after Enrico Fermi

116

Md

Name: Mendelevium

Name Origin - Named after Dimitri Mendeleev 

117

No

Name: Nobelium

Name Origin - Named after Alfred Nobel 

118

Lr

Name: Lawrencium

Name Origin - Named after Ernest Lawrence