Avian-Final Exam Material Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Avian-Final Exam Material > Flashcards

Flashcards in Avian-Final Exam Material Deck (40):
1

T/F: The only gland birds have is the uropygial gland

TRUE

2

What happens to the feather growth if a follicle is damaged?

Leads to lack of new growth

3

What is a common site for adenocarcinomas in birds?

Preen gland

4

What are some "life-style" causes of poor feathering?

Trauma from environment Cagemate trauma Growth interruption Poor preening

5

What feather presentations are common in juvenile birds?

Unpreened feathers, stress bars and trauma

6

What are stress bars?

Interruption in growth from a stressful event

 

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7

What kind of behavior is preening?

A flock behavior

Poor preening seen in hand raised babies, over zealous mates, stressful environment

8

What is the number 1 cause of trauma in a bird?

Broken blood feather

9

What is a common cause of poor integument in birds?

Poor diet

10

What is beta carotene and what foods are high in this?

Pro-vitamin A

Mangoes, papaya (think tropical fruits for tropical birds)

11

What is the name of this mite found in birds?

 

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Chicken mite or "red mite"

Dermanyssus gallinae

12

What is the cause of this problem seen in the image and what is the tx of choice?

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Scaley face and leg mite- Knemidocoptes

Tx= IVERMECTIN

13

What is a way for an owner to figure out if they have a Dermanyssus gallinae problem with their bird?

Place a white towel over cage at night and all the mites will be stuck in the towel fibers in the morning

14

What is a common feather problem seen in birds that is suspected to be caused by captivity/boredem

Pulling feathers out

15

In small birds there is a correlation in feather plucking and what intestinal dz?

Giardia infections --> make sure you fecal test feather plucking birds

16

What is displayed in the picture below and how does the bird get it?

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Crop burn

Commonly from overheated baby formula in hand raised babies

Owners typically notice this 2 weeks after the bird has gotten burned when food starts seeping through the hole

17

What is observed in the picture and what can be used to dx this dz?

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This is Psittacine beak and feather dz (feather dystrophy in young- ACTIVELY GROWING FEATHERS)

PCR blood test=IMPORTANT

Doesn't show up until later- 11 months (if positive test- can be a transient viremia-wait 90 days an recheck)

HARD TO GET RID OF

18

What are two medicaitons that can be used for pain in avian?

Torbugesic and Meloxicam

19

What medication can be used for neurogenic pain?

Gabapentin

20

What drug is a antipsychotic used in avian?

Haliperidol

21

What causes dominant aggression in "domestic birds" towards other humans?

Exaggerated hormonal behaviors

22

What are some common examples of reproductive tract disease in avian?

Excessive egg laying

Egg binding and dystocia

Egg yolk peritonitis

Hypocalcemia (caused by overlaying)

Pathological fractures

Oviductal and cloacal prolapse

Tumors in males/females

23

T/F: You can sex all birds based off of its vibrant color pattern

FALSE- very few can be sexed by color

You blood/feather sexing tests (DNA test) 

24

How many eggs does a chicken vs. cockatiel routinely lay?

Chicken: 1 per 24 hours

Cockatiel: 1 per 36-40 hours

25

Define egg binding

AKA-dystocia

Prolonged transit through oviduct

26

What type of birds frequently have egg binding?

Small birds (cockatiels, lovebirds, budgies, finches, and canaries)

27

What are some associating factors to egg binding?

Associated w/ over-laying

Poor dietary calcium

Oversized or poorly shelled eggs, uterine inertia, poor musculature

28

What side of the bird are eggs located and how long does it take to shell an egg?

Left side

takes 12 hours

29

The full amount of circulating calcium is withdrawn by the uterus every ____ minutes

15

30

Pearl mutation is linked with which sex?

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Female sex-linked color

31

Dx the image

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Egg binding

32

What problem can result from a bird pushing too hard to get an egg out?

Prolapsed oviduct

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33

What can be used to dx egg binding and dystocia?

US- you can see normal egg layers- egg shell, white, albumin and yolk

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34

What should be tried first when tx egg binding?

MEDICAL MANAGEMENT FIRST!

Calcium, fluids, heat and pain meds

Meloxicam and torbugesic

Smaller birds get hypoglycemic so supplement w/ dextrose

35

What is the procedure where egg contents are sucked out to collapse egg to help a bird pass an egg during egg binding?

Ovocentesis

36

What is the sx procedure of choice for egg binding?

Hysterectomy

37

What is the drug that is used to prevent more egg laying?

Leuprolide (Lupron)

38

Male bird presented to you with pain, lameness and leg chewing with bilaterally swollen legs....what do you suspect as the dx?

Testicular hyperplasia

Testes in front of kidney where sciatic nerve passes before going down leg and can compress the nerve leading to swelling

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39

What is the drug used for birds with testicular hyperplasia?

Leuprolide Acetate- GnRH agonist

2.5-3 wk. duration

40

What is circled in the following image?

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Testes- MALE BIRD

Don't confuse with egg