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RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Avian > Flashcards

Flashcards in Avian Deck (82)
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1

What is the area on a bird with no feathers called?

Apteria

2

What are feather tracts called?

Pterylae

3

What side is the jugular vein bigger on?

Right side

4

What is the gland that is used for preening?

Uropygial gland

5

What is the purpose of preening?

Water-proofing and protection

6

What do blood quills signify?

A growing feather- NEVER pluck these

7

T/F: If there is a bird presented w/ a broken blood feather it is an emergency

TRUE- need to pluck the blood feather to tx

8

What do stress bars indicate?

shows damage in state of growth-most commonly location of a feather breakage

9

Where are primary vs. secondary feathers?

Primary: originate from carpus distally
Secondary: length of radius and ulna

10

What are characteristics of feather cysts?

same color as feathers & requires sx removal of feather follicles

11

What type of feathers can cause Macaw Respiratory Syndrome?

Powder down feathers- hypersensitivity reaction

12

T/F: Flight feathers in wings are attached to the bone

TRUE

13

What type of bones are hollow and filled with trabeculae?

Pneumatized bones

14

What feature on a birds neck allows for better rotation?

Single occipital condyle @ atlanto-occipital joint

15

What is the name of the fused thoracic vertebrae?

Notarium

16

What bones make up the synsacrum?

Ileum, ischium and pubis

17

What is between the notarium and synsacrum?

Free vertebrae- most common site of fracture

18

What is the area that is used to assess BCS?

Keel- start PE w/ BCS FIRST

19

What are the three bones that make up the shoulder on rads?

Clavicle (furcula)
Coracoid
Scapula

20

What should you not restrict during restraint for a PE?

Ribs and Keel

21

What are the two pneumatic bones?

Humerus/Femur

22

What bones can you IO catheterize?

Ulna & Tibiotarsus

23

What is the ligament on the wing that makes up the triangular flap between the shoulder and wrist?

Patagial ligament-needs to be intact to fly

24

T/F: On a calm bird you should be able to observe RR from a distance

FALSE- only in stressed states

25

Where are the nares located?

on top of the cere

26

What is the connection of the oral cavity w/ respiratory system?

Choana (aka palatine fissure)

27

T/F: Birds don't have a soft palate

TRUE

28

T/F: Birds have an epiglottis

FALSE

29

Why should cuffed ET tubes not be used in birds?

Complete tracheal rings

30

What is the anatomical structure in birds that makes sounds?

Syrinx- located in bifurcation of trachea