Flashcards in Avian Deck (82)
What is the area on a bird with no feathers called?
What are feather tracts called?
What side is the jugular vein bigger on?
What is the gland that is used for preening?
What is the purpose of preening?
Water-proofing and protection
What do blood quills signify?
A growing feather- NEVER pluck these
T/F: If there is a bird presented w/ a broken blood feather it is an emergency
TRUE- need to pluck the blood feather to tx
What do stress bars indicate?
shows damage in state of growth-most commonly location of a feather breakage
Where are primary vs. secondary feathers?
Primary: originate from carpus distally
Secondary: length of radius and ulna
What are characteristics of feather cysts?
same color as feathers & requires sx removal of feather follicles
What type of feathers can cause Macaw Respiratory Syndrome?
Powder down feathers- hypersensitivity reaction
T/F: Flight feathers in wings are attached to the bone
What type of bones are hollow and filled with trabeculae?
What feature on a birds neck allows for better rotation?
Single occipital condyle @ atlanto-occipital joint
What is the name of the fused thoracic vertebrae?
What bones make up the synsacrum?
Ileum, ischium and pubis
What is between the notarium and synsacrum?
Free vertebrae- most common site of fracture
What is the area that is used to assess BCS?
Keel- start PE w/ BCS FIRST
What are the three bones that make up the shoulder on rads?
What should you not restrict during restraint for a PE?
Ribs and Keel
What are the two pneumatic bones?
What bones can you IO catheterize?
Ulna & Tibiotarsus
What is the ligament on the wing that makes up the triangular flap between the shoulder and wrist?
Patagial ligament-needs to be intact to fly
T/F: On a calm bird you should be able to observe RR from a distance
FALSE- only in stressed states
Where are the nares located?
on top of the cere
What is the connection of the oral cavity w/ respiratory system?
Choana (aka palatine fissure)
T/F: Birds don't have a soft palate
T/F: Birds have an epiglottis
Why should cuffed ET tubes not be used in birds?
Complete tracheal rings