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RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Guinea Pigs-Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Guinea Pigs-Final Deck (26)
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1

Which vitamin is not synthesized in guinea pigs?

Vitamin C

2

What is the gestation period for a guinea pig?

60-63 days

3

Why should guinea pigs be bred before 8 months of age?

Pubic symphysis closure occurs at 8 months- if guinea pig isn't bred by 8 months, this will fuse and then if pregnant in the future they will have dystocia. If bred before 8 months, the pubic symphysis will stay open for life.

4

What sex is this?

Female

5

What sex is this and what does the flaccid opening represent?

Male- flaccid opening is the urethra

6

What is this?

Sebaceous rump gland

7

What type of diet is needed for guinea pigs?

High fiber, no grain

Grass hay fiber

8

How much vitamin C is required per day?

25-50 mg/day

9

What does the lack of Vitamin C lead to?

Scruvy

High Vitamin C products: Leafy greens > dandelions > kale > spinach > strawberries > oranges

10

What is your analagesic and motility agent of choice?

Analgesic: meloxicam

Motility: cisapride

11

What are CS of scurvy?

Swollen painful joints

Poor haircoat

Bad teeth 

Poor wound healing

12

What does this guinea pig have?

Gastric torsion

Make sure stomach is on the Left!

13

What is the tx for bloat?

Decompress (tube or aspiration), parenteral antibiotics, analgesics (buprenorphine) and fluids

14

What is the most common skin tumor in guinea pigs?

Trichoepithelioma

B9-but can get HUGE

15

What does this guinea pig have and what are the tx options?

Dermatophytosis- fungus

Tx: griseofulvin or itraconazole

16

T/F: Lice is very common and can be confirmed by visual diagnosis

TRUE

17

What does this guinea pig have and what can it cause?

Sarcoptic mange- PRURITIC

Scratch so hard these patients commonly have seizures

18

What is the tx for parasitic dermatitis?

Shave the fur!

Ivermectin, selamectin or moxidectin

Prednisone for pruritis

19

What does this guinea pig have?

Pododermatitis

This can lead to osteomyelitis- important to take x-rays

20

T/F: Male guinea pigs are more commonly dx with mammary gland tumors

TRUE

Adenocarcinoma (more common) and rarely metastasize

21

If you are presented with a male guinea pig that is crying and has hematuria and has this finding on rads...what are you expecting?

Urolithiasis

Calcium carbonate is the leading cause

22

T/F: Stone diets are ineffective in guinea pigs in tx for urolithiasis and should be put on a low calcium diet

TRUE

23

This urogenital dz has a 75% occurrence rate and is an incidental finding commonly seen with alopecia and uterine bleeding

Cystic ovaries

24

What are the therapy options for a guinea pig with cystic ovaries?

Leuprolide and cystorelin

OHE!

25

T/F: Penicillin and cephalosporins are safe to use in guinea pigs

FALSE

Extremely toxic to rodents

26

What ab are safe to use in guinea pigs?

Chloramphenicol, metronidozole, sulfa drugs

Quinolones (okay)