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RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Reptiles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reptiles Deck (97)
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1

What is the difference in turtles, tortoises and terrapins?

Turtles: water
Tortoises: dry land
Terrapins: brackish areas (marsh)

2

What is appendix 1?

Animals that are classified in this are only allowed for research/conservation trade import/export permits

3

T/F: Ectotherms can't regulate their own body temp

TRUE

4

What is the anatomical structure that protects the body, aids in locomotion and allows moisture to be retained?

Scales/scutes

5

What species has scutes?

Crocodiles and chelonians

6

What is the term for shedding?

Ecdysis

7

What factors contribute to dysecdysis?

inappropriate closures/humidity, significant scarring, dehydration

8

What is the difference in UVA and UVB lighting?

UVA- behavior
UVB- necessary for production of Vitamin D3 within skin

9

What substrates can be used in enclosures?

Newspaper, paper towel, astroturf, gravel, aspen shavings, playsand, recycled paper pellets

10

How do we know the prey of snakes are okay to feed?

No larger than the girth, pre-killed prey preferred

11

How do we know if the prey of lizards are okay to feed?

No larger than the width of th ehead

12

Which insects can cause impacitons in lizards?

Crickets and mealworms

13

Parsley, spinach and chives are rich in what?

Oxalates (oxalic acid) --> can bind Ca and reduce absorption leading to Goiter

14

What should be included in a patient diary?

Feeding schedule, weight, stool production, ecdysis

15

What is the name for the copulatory organs?

Hemipenes
Males-paired
Females- single

16

How do you tell the difference from a male and female tortoise?

Male: concave plastron and longer tail

17

What is the difference in male vs. female red eared sliders?

Males have longer tails and claws

18

What is important to understand when restraining a reptile?

They don't have diaphragms

19

How do you hold a snake?

Place index finger and thumb around mandible

20

What is the handler rule for snakes?

1 handler per every 3 ft. of body length

21

What predisposes snakes to alantoaxial subluxation?

Single occipital condyle

22

What happens when a lizard gets stressed?

Tail autotomy- the tail will fall off and will regrow as a cartilaginous structure

23

How do you hold a medium sized lizard?

Cradle tail base under armpit and put body/head along forearm

24

Which reptiles have complete tracheal rings and which ones have incomplete tracheal rings?

Complete: crocs and chelonians
Incomplete: snakes and lizards

25

Which air sac does gas exchange take place in reptiles?

Cranial air sac

26

What is particular about snake lungs?

They only have one lung (L typically absent)
Males will sometimes have a vestigial L lung lobe

27

Since a stethoscope cannot be used on chelonians- how can you listen to the HR and rhythm?

Doppler probe at thoracic inlet

28

How many chambers do reptile hearts have?

3
*Crocs have 4*

29

Which species have external ears?

Lizards and crocs

30

Which species have external tympanum?

Chelonians and lizards