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RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Rodent- Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rodent- Final Deck (28)
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1

T/F: Rats have a monogastric stomach that is divided

TRUE

2

T/F: Proteinuria in rats is normal

TRUE- large adrenals

3

What pigments are seen in tears of rats?

Porphyrin

4

T/F: Rats cannot vomit due to their divided stomachs

TRUE

5

What are three common tumors seen in rats?

Pituitary tumors

Mammary gland tumors

Respiratory tract infections

6

What are pituitary tumors linked to in rats?

Gonadal hormones

7

What CS are seen in rats with pituitary tumors?

Neuro signs

8

What is the dx and tx of pituitary tx

Dx: CT

Tx: Prednisone and cabergoline

9

What type of mammary gland tumor is most common in rats?

Fibroadenomas common- locally aggressive

More common in females

10

What are some different respiratory virus pathogens in rats?

11

What is this?

Chromodacryorrhea

12

What is the general tx for respiratory dz?

Long term antibiotics

Mycoplasma and strep: Enrofloxacin, doxycycline, azithromycin

Anti-inflammatories: Meloxicam when low; prednisone when worse

Sildenafil (pulmonary hypertension)

13

What is this and what are potential causes?

Ring tail-annular constrictions of tail needing amputation

Causes: low humidity, bedding, trauma?

 

14

What is a zoonotic disease caused by Strep. moniliformis?

Rat bite fever

Leads to bacteremia and septicemia

Penicillin used for tx

15

T/F: It is normal to see sticky  and smelly green discharge that looks like pus in a female hamster? 

TRUE- caused by frequent estrus and discharge

16

What is depicted in this image?

Scent gland

17

What is going on here?

Cheek pouch eversion

18

T/F: Dental dz typically only affects incisors

TRUE

19

What does lawsonia intracellularis cause and what do you see?

Proliferative ileitis

Diarrhea or "wet tail" seen

20

What is a zoonotic enteropathy found in hamsters?

Hymenolepis nana- zoonotic tapeworm

21

What Ab should be avoided in hamsters?

Beta-lactams/macrolides

22

Which Abs are safe to use in hamsters?

TMS, Chloramphenicol, enrofloxacin, metronidazole

23

What are common cardiovascular problems observed in hamsters?

Hereditary cardiomyopathy results with atrial thrombosis and CHF

Aging hamsters

24

What is the ectoparasite depicted below?

Cheyletiella- "walking dandruff"

25

These integumentary problems are commonly observed in what breed of hamsters? Demodex, Cheyletiella, Epitheliotropic lymphoma and cushing's dz

Syrian hamsters

26

What are common geriatric conditions seen in hamsters

Amyloidosis

Hepatic cirrhosis

Polycystic liver tumor

CV dz

27

What are common conditions seen in gerbils?

Epileptiform seizures

Cutaneous neoplasms

Facial dermatitis (nasal dermatitis)

Acariasis

Tail trauma

Neoplasms- melanomas

28

What is a common pathogen that causes dermatitis in mice?

S. aureus