Where is the heart situated?
What is Waardenburg syndrome?
color-linked congenital deafness in blaze/panda ferrets
If a ferret from Marshall Farms is seen with two tattoos in the ear- what does this represent?
That the ferret is neutered and vaccinated
What is the normal HR of a ferret and what is the characteristic of the R wave on EKG?
R wave -- TALL
What is a common arrhythmia seen in ferrets?
What are some special features of the ferret GI tract?
Short GI transit
Simple gut flora
What kind of diet does the ferret need?
Why should you avoid 'grain free diets' in ferrets?
cysteine stone formation due to changes in pH of urine
What is induced from scruffing a ferret?
What is ferretone?
Sweet snack that can be used to distract the patient while trying to get blood samples etc
What are the three chemical restraint methods used?
What is a good drug used for urinary/IV catheters and has long lasting sedation?
What are the reversal agents for midazolam and dexdormitor?
What are two vaccines that ferrets require?
This ferret presented as shown below post vaccination-based off of the clinical findings, what are you suspicious of?
Canine Distemper Virus
Be careful when vaccinating for DV in ferrets- if you use the wrong vaccine you can induce CDV infection as shown in the picture. The ferret DV is modified through chickens- the CDV vaccine is modified using minx (closely related to ferrets) which is basically infecting them with distemper virus.
Which rabies vaccine is labeled for use in ferrets?
How fast post vaccination are reactions seen and what can be used to treat/prevent reactions?
20-30 minutes post vaccine patient will go into anaphylaxis shock (GI/CV)
Tx: Dexmethasone SP, epinephrine, and IV fluid therapy
Prevent: pre-medicate with diphenhydramine
What are the sites of venipuncture in ferrets?
Cephalic vein (use insulin syringe)
Cranial vena cava
What are the two venipuncture sites in ferrets that can be used to obtain large amounts of blood from?
Cranial vena cava
What is the pH of the urine?
What is a common crystal seen in ferrets due to the acidic pH of the urine?
magnesium-ammonium phosphate crystals
What can be seen in neutered males with untreated Adrenal dz?
What is the bottom arrow pointing to?
Enlarged cystic prostate
What can make male catheterization difficult
Small urethra and crooked os penis
What is the technique for IV catheter application?
What are four uses of IO catheters?
Bone marrow aspiration
Why are multiple transfusion okay to do in ferrets without cross matching?
There are no blood groups so no reactions to worry about
What is the max % you can take in terms of blood transfusion of the body weight?
10%- try to never take this much unless NEEDED
Typically stay around 7-8%
What are the pain medications used in ferrets?
How can you initiate a yawn reflex and what does this allow you to examine in terms of dental exam?
Scruff the ferret
Examine the palate to see ulcers/fistulas