Ferrets- Final Exam Material Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Ferrets- Final Exam Material > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ferrets- Final Exam Material Deck (59)
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1

Where is the heart situated?

Caudally located

 

2

What is Waardenburg syndrome?

color-linked congenital deafness in blaze/panda ferrets

3

If a ferret from Marshall Farms is seen with two tattoos in the ear- what does this represent?

That the ferret is neutered and vaccinated

4

What is the normal HR of a ferret and what is the characteristic of the R wave on EKG?

180-230 BPM

R wave -- TALL

5

What is a common arrhythmia seen in ferrets?

AV block

6

What are some special features of the ferret GI tract?

STRICT CARNIVORE

Short GI transit

No cecum

Simple gut flora

7

What kind of diet does the ferret need?

High protein

High fat

Low fiber

8

Why should you avoid 'grain free diets' in ferrets?

cysteine stone formation due to changes in pH of urine

9

What is induced from scruffing a ferret?

Yawn reflex

10

What is ferretone?

Sweet snack that can be used to distract the patient while trying to get blood samples etc

11

What are the three chemical restraint methods used?

ISO

SEVO

Injectables 

12

What is a good drug used for urinary/IV catheters and has long lasting sedation?

Torbugesic

13

What are the reversal agents for midazolam and dexdormitor?

Midazolam: flumazenil

Dedxormitor: atipamezole

14

What are two vaccines that ferrets require?

Rabies

Distemper

15

This ferret presented as shown below post vaccination-based off of the clinical findings, what are you suspicious of?

Canine Distemper Virus

 

Be careful when vaccinating for DV in ferrets- if you use the wrong vaccine you can induce CDV infection as shown in the picture. The ferret DV is modified through chickens- the CDV vaccine is modified using minx (closely related to ferrets) which is basically infecting them with distemper virus.

16

Which rabies vaccine is labeled for use in ferrets?

Imrab 3

17

How fast post vaccination are reactions seen and what can be used to treat/prevent reactions?

20-30 minutes post vaccine patient will go into anaphylaxis shock (GI/CV)

Tx: Dexmethasone SP, epinephrine, and IV fluid therapy

Prevent: pre-medicate with diphenhydramine

18

What are the sites of venipuncture in ferrets?

Cephalic vein (use insulin syringe)

Lateral saphenous 

Cranial vena cava

Jugular

19

What are the two venipuncture sites in ferrets that can be used to obtain large amounts of blood from?

Jugular

Cranial vena cava

20

What is the pH of the urine?

5.5-6.5

21

What is a common crystal seen in ferrets due to the acidic pH of the urine?

magnesium-ammonium phosphate crystals

22

What can be seen in neutered males with untreated Adrenal dz?

Prostomegaly 

23

What is the bottom arrow pointing to?

Enlarged cystic prostate

24

What can make male catheterization difficult

Small urethra and crooked os penis

25

What is the technique for IV catheter application?

26

What are four uses of IO catheters?

Blood transfusion

Dextrose administration

Shock fluids

Bone marrow aspiration

 

27

Why are multiple transfusion okay to do in ferrets without cross matching?

There are no blood groups so no reactions to worry about

28

What is the max % you can take in terms of blood transfusion of the body weight?

10%- try to never take this much unless NEEDED

 

Typically stay around 7-8%

29

What are the pain medications used in ferrets?

Carprofen

Meloxicam

Buprenorphine

Torbugesic

Tramadol

30

How can you initiate a yawn reflex and what does this allow you to examine in terms of dental exam?

Scruff the ferret

Examine the palate to see ulcers/fistulas