Flashcards in BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO EXPLAINING PHOBIAS Deck (9)
what is Mowrer two-process model?
the fact that we learn phobias through classical conditioning and maintain it through operant conditioning
what is a case-study of the two process model?
Little Albert where loud bang (UCS) combined with white rat (NS) produced fear of white rats (CR) and was generalised to other stimuli
how does operant conditioning maintain a phobia?
negative reinforcement where an individual produces behaviour that avoids something unpleasant
the two process model has good...
has good application for example in therapy, where a patient doesn't practise their avoidant behaviours fear declines
however the two process model doesn't explore what?
alternative behaviours for avoidance, e.g. agoraphobes can go outside with a friend, but two process says that avoidance is driven by anxiety reduction
is the two process model a complete or incomplete explanation of phobias?
it is an incomplete explanation, for example it doesn't look at biological preparedness for example we are innately prepared to fear some things more than others
who found the term 'biological preparedness?'
a limitation of the two process model is that not all what leads to phobias?
not all bad experiences lead to phobias, so conditioning alone cannot explain phobias as this may only occur if a vulnerability already exists