BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO EXPLAINING PHOBIAS Flashcards Preview

AQA A LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PAPER 1 - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY > BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO EXPLAINING PHOBIAS > Flashcards

Flashcards in BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO EXPLAINING PHOBIAS Deck (9)
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1

what is Mowrer two-process model?

the fact that we learn phobias through classical conditioning and maintain it through operant conditioning

2

what is a case-study of the two process model?

Little Albert where loud bang (UCS) combined with white rat (NS) produced fear of white rats (CR) and was generalised to other stimuli

3

how does operant conditioning maintain a phobia?

negative reinforcement where an individual produces behaviour that avoids something unpleasant

4

the two process model has good...

has good application for example in therapy, where a patient doesn't practise their avoidant behaviours fear declines

5

however the two process model doesn't explore what?

alternative behaviours for avoidance, e.g. agoraphobes can go outside with a friend, but two process says that avoidance is driven by anxiety reduction

6

is the two process model a complete or incomplete explanation of phobias?

it is an incomplete explanation, for example it doesn't look at biological preparedness for example we are innately prepared to fear some things more than others

7

who found the term 'biological preparedness?'

Seligman 1971

8

a limitation of the two process model is that not all what leads to phobias?

not all bad experiences lead to phobias, so conditioning alone cannot explain phobias as this may only occur if a vulnerability already exists

9

what does the two process model not properly consider?

doesn't consider the cognitive aspects of phobias, for example irrational beliefs and selective attention