COGNTIVE APPROACH TO TREATING DEPRESSION Flashcards Preview

AQA A LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PAPER 1 - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY > COGNTIVE APPROACH TO TREATING DEPRESSION > Flashcards

Flashcards in COGNTIVE APPROACH TO TREATING DEPRESSION Deck (21)
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1

what is the cognitive approach to treating depression?

cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

2

what do the patient and therapist do?

they work together to sort out the patients problems
identify where they may be negative of irrational thoughts

3

how is Beck's theory showed in CBT?

through challenging the thoughts in the negative triad, so the patient can have a active role in their treatment

4

what are patient encouraged to be in CBT?

the scientist

5

what are patients encouraged to do in CBT?

encouraged to test the reality of their irrational beliefs

6

what might the therapist do in CBT?

set homework e.g. to recorded when they enjoyed an event and use this to challenge a belief

7

what does Ellis' rational emotional behaviour therapy (REBT) extend the ABC model to?

ABCDE model

8

what is the DE in the ABCDE model?

dispute irrational beliefs
effect

9

how are irrational beliefs challenged in REBT?

identify if there is evidence to support this belief
dispute whether the negative thought follows facts

10

what is the goal of REBT?

to work with depressed individuals to decrease avoidance and isolation and increase behaviour activation e.g. going out for dinner or exercising

11

who conducted research to show that CBT is effective?

March et al

12

what did March et al find to support CBT?

research to support that CBT is just as effective a medication and helpful alongside medication

13

what might CBT not work for?

more severe types of depression

14

why might CBT not work for those with more severe cases of depression?

because they can't motivate themselves into doing cognitive work

15

since CBT cannot treat all depression, what does this show?

shows that CBT cannot be used as the sole treatment for all depression

16

what can there be an overemphasis of in CBT?

overemphasis on cognition

17

what is an example of CBT having too much emphasis on cognition?

for example if someone is homeless or is unemployed, they need to change their circumstances and environment as this can still change the way they think

18

what can CBT do when it is overly focused on cognition?

can inappropriately demotivate people to change their situation

19

what does CBT not focus enough on?

someone’s past

20

why do some people want to focus on their past rather than the present and future (which CBT does)?

because they can have underlying trauma and childhood experiences that could link between their current depression

21

how does CBT’s lack of focus on the past limit it as a treatment for depression?

because the present focus of CBT can ignore the important aspect of the depressed patients experience