BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO TREATING OCD Flashcards Preview

AQA A LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PAPER 1 - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY > BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO TREATING OCD > Flashcards

Flashcards in BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO TREATING OCD Deck (28)
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1

what is the biological approach to treating OCD?

through drug therapy

2

what does drug therapy for mental disorder aim to do?

increase or decrease the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain

3

low levels of what are associated with OCD?

serotonin

4

what does SSRI stand for?

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

5

what do SSRI's prevent?

the reabsorption and breakdown of serotonin in the brain

6

how do SSRI's increase the levels of seratonin?

increase the levels in the synapse so serotonin continues to stimulate the post-synaptic nerve

7

what is the typical dosage of an SSRI?

20mg of Fluoxetine, can be increased if not helping the patient

8

SSRI's can be combined with..

CBT, drugs to reduce emotional symptoms e.g. anxiety or depression to engage with CBT more effectively

9

what are 2 alternatives to SSRI's?

SNRI's
Tricyclics

10

what does SNRI's stand for?

serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

11

what do SNRI's do?

the same as SSRI's but increase levels of noradrenaline

12

what are tricyclics?

older type of anti-depressant, have same effect on serotonin levels but have greater side effects

13

who found evidence to support that drug therapy is effective at tackling OCD symptoms?

Soomro et al

14

how many studies did Soomro et al look at ?

17 studies comparing SSRI's to placebo's in treating OCD

15

what did all 17 studies show about OCD drugs and placebo's?

that they were significantly better at treating OCD than placebo's

16

when is drug therapy most effective according to Soomro?

when combined with CBT

17

what % of patients taking SSRI's had reduced symptoms?

70%

18

what are drugs that is a strength?

cost-effective and non-disruptive

19

what are drugs cheap in comparison to?

psychological treatments

20

why do doctors prefer using drug treatment in comparison to treatment therapies?

the patient doesn't have to engage in hard work of therapy, can take drugs until symptoms stop

21

however, what may be a better treatment for OCD since drugs and therapy are most effective together?

the diathesis stress model

22

what is the diathesis stress model?

that genetic vulnerability and stress of experiences can contribute the phobias/ocd/depression

23

what do drugs come with that is a limitation?

have side effects

24

what are some side effects of SSRI's?

indigestion, blurred vision and loss of sex drive

25

what do the side effects of SSRI's mean?

people may stop taking the drug because it is doing more harm than good

26

what is a problem with OCD that mean drugs will not be effective?

can stem from personal trauma

27

what might those who have OCD from past trauma benefit more from?

psychological therapies

28

how do the different types of ways OCD can be acquired be a limitation?

means drugs won't work for everyone as it is not always biologically acquired