COGNITIVE APPROACH TO EXPLAINING DEPRESSION Flashcards Preview

AQA A LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PAPER 1 - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY > COGNITIVE APPROACH TO EXPLAINING DEPRESSION > Flashcards

Flashcards in COGNITIVE APPROACH TO EXPLAINING DEPRESSION Deck (22)
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1

who are the two key psychologists when explaining depression cognitively?

Beck's cognitive theory
Ellis' ABC model

2

what did Beck say made more people prone to depression?

faulty information processing

3

why does faulty information processing lead to depression?

depressed people attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore the positives, blow small problems out of proportion

4

what do depressed people have about themselves?

a negative self-schema

5

what is a negative self-schema?

someone interpreting ideas and information about themselves negatively

6

what are the three elements of the negative triad?

negatives view of the self, the world and the future

7

who conducted research to support Beck's cognitive theory?

Grazioli and Terry

8

what did Grazioli and Terry find to support Beck's theory?

assessed 65 pregnant women with a cognitive vulnerability for depression before and after birth, those high in CV more likely to suffer post-natal depression

9

Grazioli and Terry's research shows...

cognitions can be seen before depression develops so Beck is correct that cognition can cause depression sometimes

10

Beck's theory has high...

practical application

11

why does Beck's theory have high practical application?

forms the basis of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), translates into successful therapy

12

what can be identified and challenged in CBT, supporting Beck's theory?

the components of the negative triad, patient can test whether these are true

13

what does Beck's theory not explain?

doesn't explain all aspects of depression, only focuses on one aspect of the disorder

14

what are some aspects of depression that Beck doesn't explore?

deep anger
hallucinations
bizarre beliefs

15

what does Ellis' ABC model stand for?

activating event
beliefs
consequences

16

Ellis believed that depression stems from...

irrational thoughts

17

what is the activating event according to Ellis?

when we experience negative events

18

what does the activating event lead to ?

irrational beliefs

19

what do the irrational beliefs lead to?

consequences

20

what are the consequences in Ellis' ABC model?

emotional and behavioural consequences

21

Ellis' explanation is only a...

partial explanation of depression, called 'reactive depression'

22

what does Ellis' ABC model not explain?

doesn't explain depression that doesn't have a cause