DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY Flashcards Preview

AQA A LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PAPER 1 - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY > DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY > Flashcards

Flashcards in DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY Deck (39)
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1

how many definitions of abnormality are there?

4

2

what is the definition of statistical infrequency?

normal behaviour is the mean anything else is considered abnormal

3

one strength of statistical infrequency is that it has..

real life application

4

how does statistical infrequency have high real life application

apply to IDD
useful during clinical assessment

5

what does the real life application of statistical infrequency increases?

the external validity

6

what are the three weaknesses of statistical infrequency?

not everyone is happy w a label
cannot be used standalone
low temporal validity

7

weakness of statistical infrequency as a label

give people a negative impression of themselves e.g. low IQ
no benefit of diagnosis

8

weakness of statistical infrequency as a standalone method

unusual/abnormal characteristics are not always negative
e.g. IDD or being left handed
cannot be used alone

9

if statistical infrequency cannot be used alone then what does this effect?

its practical application and external validity

10

weakness of statistical infrequency due to low temporal validity

1- abnormalities can differ over time
2- diagnosis from young age change someone's life path

11

what is deviation from social norms?

norms are specific to a culture and someone could be seen as 'abnormal' if they do not follow these

12

what is a strength of deviation from social norms?

real life application

13

how does deviation from social norms have high practical application?

psychopath (APD) = failure to conform to culturally normative behaviour

14

how can real life application of deviation from social norms be criticised?

other factors to consider with APD, cannot be the sole explanation for diagnosis

15

what is a weakness of deviation from social norms?

cultural relativism

16

cultural relativism is a weakness of deviation from social norms because...

norms vary and change between generations and communities

17

cultural relativism affects deviation from social norms as...

it creates problems if someone moves from one culture to another

18

failure to function adequately means...

when someone cannot cope with the stress of everyday life

19

who made the assessment of functioning scale?

Rosenhan and Seligman

20

what did the GFA outline?

determine if someone is not coping e.g. personal distress or danger to themselves

21

what is a strength of failure to function adequately?

increased internal validity

22

why does failure to function have increased internal validity?

includes the patients individual experience, means the right people can get help

23

what are two weaknesses of failure to function adequately?

excludes alt ways of living so can be seen as deviation from social norms
favours individualist cultures

24

how can failure to function adequately be seen as same as deviation from social norms?

hard to differ between the two
live freely, labelling them as abnormal limits freedom

25

how can someone be seen as abnormal through GAF, which isn't truly abnormal?

not having a permanent address or participating in extreme sports

26

how can the GAF be seen as individualist?

favours the individual and the culture they live

27

if failure to function adequately is individualist, this makes the definition have...

low population validity and generalisability

28

deviation from ideal mental health is when...

someone can be seen as abnormal because they are not psychologically healthy

29

who made the 8 criteria for ideal mental health?

Jahoda

30

give two examples of the eight criteria for ideal mental health

having good self esteem
being rational