BLOCK 2 Drug Indications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BLOCK 2 Drug Indications Deck (105):
1

Metyrosine indication

Hypertension

2

Reserpine indication

Hypertension

3

Bretylium indication

Ventricular arrhythmia

4

Cocaine indication

Analgesia during surgery

5

Amphetamine or Ephedrine indication

Narcolepsy, ADHD

6

Naloxone, Naltrexone indication

Opiod overdose or Dependence

7

SSRIs indication

Depression and anxiety

8

ACE inhibitors indication

Hypertension

9

Phenylephrine indication

Hypotension during surgery

10

MAO inhibitors indication

Depression

11

L-DOPA indication

Parkinson's disease

12

Carbidopa indication

Parkinson's disease

13

Tyramine indication

Not therapeutic

14

Epinephrine indication

Anaphylaxis, shock, cardiac arrest, heart block

15

Norepinephrine indication

Acute hypotension due to shock

16

Dopamine indication

Cardiogenic shock

17

Isoproterenol indication

Transient heart block

18

Dobutamine indication

Short term Rx for low cardiac contractility

19

Terbutaline indication

Prevent and reverse bronchospasm in asthma, emphysema and bronchitis

20

Albuterol indication

Bronchial smooth muscle relaxation

21

Phenylephrine indication

Pressor agent for anesthesia, nasal congestion, dilate pupils, supraventricular tachycardia

22

Clonidine indication

Hypertension

23

Propranolol indication

Hypertension, angina due to atherosclerosis, MI

24

Timolol indication

Glaucoma

25

Nadolol indication

Long-term angina, hypertension

26

Atenolol indication

Hypertension, Angina, MI

27

Metoprolol indication

Hypertension, long term angina rx

28

Pindolol indication

Hypertension

29

Esmolol indication

Supraventricular tachycardia

30

Phenoxybenzamine indication

Pheochromocytoma

31

Phentolamine indication

Test for pheochromocytoma, Rx before surgery

32

Prazosin indication

Hypertension

33

Doxazosin indication

Prostatic hyperplasia, hypertension

34

Terazosin indication

Prostatic hyperplasia, hypertension

35

Amphetamine indication

ADHD

36

Methylphenidate indication

ADHD

37

Ephedrine indication

Pressor agent for anesthesia

38

Pseudoephedrine indication

Nasal decongestion

39

Nicotene indication

Smoking cessation

40

Succinycholine indication

Neuromuscular block for ECST, emergency intubation

41

Acetylcholine indication

None

42

Methacholine indication

Dx asthma, test of asthma severity

43

Carbachol indication

Miotic agent in ocular surgery and glaucoma, reduces ocular P

44

Bethanechol indication

Urinary retention, bladder atony

45

Pilocarpene indication

Dry mouth from head and neck radiation, narrow angle glaucoma

46

Neostigmine indication

Myasthenia gravis, reverse neuromuscular block

47

Edrophonium indication

Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis; reversal of neuromuscular block

48

Physostigmine indication

Delirium from anticholinergic drugs (poisoning antidote), glaucoma

49

Donepezil indication

Rx for Alzheimer's disease

50

Pralidoxime indication

Respiratory muscle weakness in organophosphate poisoning

51

Echothiophate indication

Open angle glaucoma

52

Atropine indication

Excess secretions during surgery; increased freq and urg associated with cystitis, hypertonic gut, organophosphate poisioning, bradycardia

53

Scopalamine indication

Motion sickness, anti-saliogogue in surgery

54

Glycopyrrolate indication

Protects against excessive muscarinic activation duriing reversal of blockade; antisaliagogue

55

Succinycholine indication

Tracheal intubation, ECST

56

Pancuronium indication

Adjuvant in surgical anesthesia, abdominal wall relaxation & orthopedic procedures

57

D-tubocurarine indication

Prototype; used only for lethal injections

58

Rocuronium indication

intubation, muscle relaxation during surgery or ventilation

59

Mivacurium indication

intubation, muscle relaxation during surgery or ventilation

60

Vecuronium indication

Adjuvant in surgical anesthesia, abdominal wall relaxation & orthopedic procedures

61

Baclofen indication

Muscle spasticity in MS or SCI

62

Diazepam indication

Muscle spasm due to local injury, or loss of descending inhibitory input (cerebral palsy)

63

Tizanidine indication

Muscle spasticity in MS or SCI

64

Dantrolene indication

Muscle spasm, malignant hyperthermia

65

5-HTP indication

Depression

66

Buspirone indication

Depression and anxiety

67

Sumatriptan indication

Migraines

68

Risperidone indication

Depression and psychosis

69

Odansetron indication

Chemotherapy induced emesis

70

Fluoxetine indication

Depression, OCD, anxiety, panic disorder, PTSD, social phobia

71

Sertraline indication

Depression, OCD, anxiety, panic disorder, PTSD, social phobia

72

Bromocriptine indication

Parkinson's disease

73

Selegiline indication

Parkinson's disease (low dose), depression (high dose)

74

Tolcapone indication

Parkinson's disease

75

Haloperidol indication

Psychosis

76

Metaclopramide indication

Nausea

77

Trazadone indication

Anxiety/Depression

78

Morphine indication

Severe pain

79

Meperidine indication

severe pain

80

Hydrocodone indication

moderate pain (anti-coughing)

81

Codeine indication

Cough, diarrhea, IBS, narcolepsy

82

Pentazocine indication

Dental extraction

83

Naloxone indication

antidote

84

Methadone indication

dependence on opioid drugs

85

Cocaine HCl indication

medium duration local anesthetic

86

Procaine HCl indication

Subarachnoid infiltration nerve block (local anesthetic)

87

Tetracaine HCl indication

Subarachnoid local anesthetic

88

Benzocaine indication

Medium duration local anesthetic

89

Lidocaine HCl indication

IV regional epidural nerve block

90

Mepivacaine HCl indication

Infiltration nerve block subarachnoid

91

Ropivacaine indication

Epidural

92

Propofol indication

General anesthesia

93

Etomidate indication

General anesthesia

94

Thiopental indication

General anesthesia

95

Ketamine indication

General anesthesia

96

Aspirin indication

Mild to moderate pain, rheumatoid arthritis, fever reduction, prevent CV events

97

Salsalate indication

Mild to moderate pain, fever, inflammation

98

Diflunisal indication

Stronger antiinflammatory than aspirin

99

Ibuprofen indication

Analgesic (low dose), antiinflammatory (high dose)

100

Naproxen indication

Analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyrretic

101

Indomethacin indication

Analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyrretic

102

Sulindac indication

Analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyrretic

103

Keterolac indication

Analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyrretic

104

Celecoxib indication

Analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyrretic

105

Acetaminophen indication

Analgesic (No antiinflammatory effect)