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Flashcards in Blue Sheet Chapter 1 Deck (20):
1

The growth of towns and cities

Farms> villages > towns> cities

Jericho ( Jordan River ) and catal huyuk ( southern turkey) = some of first cities TRADED W EACH OTHER ( 7000 BCE)

2

Neolithic revolution as marker event


Effects

- people settled down (private property now a thing)

Division of labor- specialization of jobs

Social inequality- some ppl own more land than others , some jobs respected more than others

Gender inequality - men took care of both animals and plants w agriculture women sidelined to domestic chores

Food surplus- improved health - population growth - need for gov- ( to control food source irrigation )

Religious changes ( spirits - polytheism)

3

The domestication of animals Neolithic

Areas at a disadvantage - mesoamerica and sub Saharan Africa ( FEW domesticable animals

4

Neolithic revolution GIST

The invention of agriculture and domestication of animals led to the rise of civilization , more complex culture, and increased populations

5

Neo rev

Not a single revolution - gradual change

Agriculture first developed to supplement hunting/gathering

6

Horticulture - pastoralism

Horticulture - agriculture but w only hand tools (early vision of agriculture - first to settle down)

Pastoralism - semi- nomadic (followed herds of animals)

7

The domestication of grains

Availability of grains and domesticable animals > development of agriculture

Cultural diffusion - from the Middle East > grains and other plants spread

Agriculture arose thanks to INDEPENDENT INVENTION ( people around the world all figured it out on their own

8

Three craft industries neo

Pottery

Metallurgy

Textiles

9

Demography

Study of populations

10

Migrations

Permanent moves to new locations

11

Push factor and pull factor

Push factor - emigration

Pull factor - immigration

12

Intervening obstacles

Physical features that stop/slow migrations

13

What did migrations lead to

Cultural diffusion ( spreading of culture)

14

GIST tech and environmental transformations

Geography played the biggest role in where civilizations developed and how people moved and spread their culture

15

Agriculture development and early agricultural communities GIST

The invention of agriculture led to civilization - people settled down. Populations grew . And people became unequal

16

Human life before 8000 BCE

Bipedalism

Primary sources
Definitions

Bipedalism - walking on two legs ( distinguishes humans from other mammals )

Primary sources- original evidence from the time period ( early - not written ( objects , artifacts , skeletons, etc)

17

Paleolithic age (old Stone Age) GIST

The Paleolithic age was characterized by nomadic communities of hunters and gatherers who used simple tools

18

Paleolithic

The importance of tools

Hunt

Build homes

Weave clothes

Eventually invent agriculture

19

Paleolithic culture

Few artifacts

Cave paintings

Well developed religions (ritualistic burials )

Less time working (3-5 hrs a day) but less stability/security than later

20

Fun facts Paleolithic

70,000-8000 BCE

Used refined stone tools

Developed larger brains

Hunting and gathering
- small groups
- nomadic
- men= hunters women= gatherers( but both sexes equal)