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World History Chapter 1 Test > Idk > Flashcards

Flashcards in Idk Deck (25):
1

Byzantine empire

Eastern Roman Empire

Inherited roman authority

Economic powerhouse

2

Sassanid empire

Major threat to Byzantine empire

3

Justinian

Important Byzantine emperor

Military campaign to win back lost roman lands (failure)

CODIFICATION OF ROMAN LAW

4

Hagia Sophia

Church of holy wisdom Christian architecture

5

Byzantine empire economic developments and social distinctions

Centrally controlled by bereaucracy in Constantinople

Big peasant class

Geography was ideal for controlling long distance trade and defending city

Woman confined to home (ruled empire equally)

6

Theodora

Empress had great influence over husband Justinian

7

Caesaropapism

The policy of political and religious power in hands of emporer

Emporer above law enhanced by large beuracy

8

Hanseatic league

Cities in N Germany and S Scandinavia formed it

To facilitate trade as more towns purchased charters

9

Ursury

The charging of interest for the use of money

10

Ghettos

Jews lived

Smaller urban areas

11

Pogroms

Anti Semitic mob actions that drove Jews from W TO eastern euro where they had less discrimination

12

Scholasticism

The attempt to reconcile the beliefs and values of Christianity w the logical reasoning of Greek philosophy

13

Vernacular languages

Started replace roman language

14

The Cyrillic writing system

Created to communicate w followers in native language

Adopted in the Eastern Orthodox countries

15

Hundred Years' War

Between France and England for territories the english king controlled in francs

16

Impact of the crusades

Pop increases fueled expansion

17

Crusades

Series of attacks prompted by Byzantine emporer Alexius 1 needed help raising troops to resist Turkish invasions into his territory

Poor urban 11 called Christian knights to save Jerusalem

18

Saladin

Muslim general that took Jerusalem back then crusaders never got Jerusalem back again

19

Crusaders importance

Laid foundation for emergence of European countries in the next era

SAW CIVILIZATIONS NOW CHANGE IS INEVITABLE

20

Friction between King and popes.. Worked against centralized power and resistance of nobility

So much of Europe remained feudalistic such as

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE established in charlemagnes crowning

Pope picked emporer showed pope had power

21

Limited gov
Magma carts

Limits power of ruler

King John forced to sign to guarantee rights to nobility

22

Parliament

Created to give nobility and clergy a voice in policy making

23

Battle of Hastings

English forces fought Normans

24

Guilds

Merchant guilds association of ppl that worked in same occupation

Later controlled trade and set high standards

25

Renaissance or rebirth

Where art and culture took place and later spread over Europe