Chapter 13/14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13/14 Deck (41):
1

Ottoman height of power under

Suleiman magnificent

2

New elite military group that checked the warrior aristocrats that challenged the sultan

Janissaries

(Had weapons that help them succeed)

3

System that ottomans used required Christians of area to contribute young boys to become slaves of sultan

Devshirme

4

Sultan aided by who
Head of imperial admin had more power than sultan

Central gov challenged by janissaries

Vizier

5

The heirs of Ali were called

Safavid empire had shi it's not Sunni like ottoman

Imams

6

Imams continued until descendent disappeared later known as the

Hidden Islam

Safavid empire

7

Shi it's did not have a United political base the army emerged under

Ismail

From Safavid empire

8

Ismail made the official religion what

Twelver shi'ism

Based on legacy of hidden Islam

9

Ismail sent who to fight the ottomans

Qizilbash

Had swords/knives against ottoman cannons ottomans won

10

Safavids reached peak under

Shah Abbas 1

11

India was attacked by

Babur

Descendent of genghis khan and timur

12

Mughal empire founded by

Babur

13

Mughal empire expanded under and reached height of power

Akbar

14

Shah made the what to immortalize his love

Taj Mahal

15

Sati

Hindu practice suicide of widows by jumping into their mans funeral pyre

16

Purdah

Strictly enforced can't leave home unescorted and unveiled

17

Divine faith

Hoped would unite the many religions under his realm and cement loyalty to the emperor but it failed

18

Nanuk

Was before Babur invaded India

Stressed meditation to seek enlightenment was FIRST guru of new religion

19

Who was first guru of Sikhism

What was it

Nanuk

No caste system
Devout Muslim Shan Aurangzeb killed the 9th guru for not converting to Muslim

20

10th guru avenged his dad by leading the

Army of the pure


To challenge Mughal empire and assert Sikh beliefs

21

Farehpur Sikri

Magnificent architecture

22

Ivan 3

Leader who refused to pay tribute 2 mongols

23

Ivan the great 111 recruited peasants called

Cossacks they settled in new territory in exchange 4 freedom of serfdom

24

Russian nobility

Boyars had land worked on my serfs

25

Boyars worked together to select Mikhail Romanov of Romanov family

Heir to the throne

26

Table of ranks

Allowed gov officials get positions based on merit not aristocratic status

27

Window on the west

Capital St. Petersburg was port 4 navy and allowed access to western countries

28

Peter the great

Saw importance of sea power

29

Matteo Ricci

Italian wanted to convert emperor wanli to his faith he's famous Jesuit

30

Queve

Manchu style patch hair

31

Kangxi

Good military leader
Empire grew

32

Qianlong

Brought LOTS money

33

Kabuki plays

Common form literature

34

Setting for kabuki plays

Floating world

35

Alternate attendance

To check on daimyos used this required them spend every other year at Tokugawa court 1- weakened wealth and they can't establish separate power base

36

Nakuru

Tent gov

Means only replacement for real power of emperor

37

Daimyos

Local control pledged allegiance to shogun as overlord they acted independent and fought a lot

38

Toyotomi hideyoshi

Most famous general thst broke power of warring daimyos and unified Japan under his power unified Japan for FIRST time

39

Tokugawa shogunate

Tokugawa leyaso establishedba central gov called this

40

After tokugawa hideyoshi the daimyos chose under

Tokugawa leyaso

41

Ottoman Empire founder is

Osman