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World History Chapter 1 Test > Muhammad > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muhammad Deck (39):
1

Vlama

Interpreting Quran/ Hadith to to create Islamic law code

Religion and law intertwined

2

Umayyad excluded who

Non Arabs from Arabs led to problem rebels in Malawi teamed up to demand social and religious equality they over three Umayyad dynasty

3

Who ruled the golden age of Islam

The Abbasid dynasty

4

Which dynasty was more accepted by shi ites

The Abbasids dynasty cuz they said they were decendents of Muhammad uncle

5

What did the Abbasid dynasty do that helped establish Islam as a universalizing religion

Opened to all on a equal basis

6

Who we're the Abbasid beat by

Islam was the cultural..

The Mongols


Glue held other areas conquered. By Muslims together

7

Key feature of mosque

Minaret or prayer tower

8

Trade ad communication in Islam led to

Sharing new crops
Farming techniques

Increase in food supply surplus of crops to support growing city

9

Decline of the ABbasid caliphate

Hostility between Sunni and shi ite
Hard to control vast lands from ONE centralized location

When rebellions broke out they couldn't move across the big domain

Slave revolts and peasant outbreaks

10

Who did the Abbasid depends on that we're skilled horsemen

The Seljuk Turks

Worked for their army

tughril beg was their sultan

He took over Baghdad and caliph was only a figure head

11

What did the Turkish groups in Islam fighting lead to

Weakness so invasion by Mongols who seized them and destroyed caliphate a

MONGOL 11 - KHAN empire now

They converted to Islam the faith was too strong

12

Early Middle Ages Europe

Pastoral nomads inhabited the kingdom

Tribal chieftains were political leaders


LITTLE long distance trade

Small towns

13

THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES Europe

Signs of RECOVERY

Towns grew CITIES EMERGED

trade w eastern hemisphere stablished

Complex social system grew

14

Who united all of Western Europe under one King

The franks

Series Germanic kingdoms under control through conquest

15

What did Clovis do

Ruler him and his supporters destroyed the vestiges of roman power and IMPOSED CONTROL ON OTHER FRANKS

16

Franks lost control to who

Charles Martel of CAROLINGIAN FAM

Charlemagne conquered Western Europe and TEMP UNIFIED

17

Rising of power to Carolingian family was because

Need for protection from Vikings

18

Jihad

The struggle

19

When was the Hinduism golden age

Gupta empire

20

Ashoka

3rd greatest ruler of the Mauryan dynasty

Growth of Buddhism

21

Decline of Han empire

Defending long borders from nomadic invasions

Expense became problems

Official corruption

Peasant uprisings

Dynastic cycle

22

Vedas

And most important

Religious texts passed down generation to generation of Aryana

Rig Vedas

23

Upanishads

Works that reflected about universal spirits aka Brahman

24

Trade expanded during Han or Qin

Han

25

Under Qin

Legalism
Centralized authority ONE ruler
SHI HUANGDE
Servants contributed to labor of the Great Wall
Standardized law

26

What did Han wudi do

Issued a royal decree
Centralized power
Expanded Chinese frontiers

He followed after liu

27

Qin didn't value who

Shi as highest or scholar gentry didn't existing

28

Plebeians were represented by who

General assembly

The senate had control

29

Plebeians protested lack of power and gov have them

Tribunes

Later controlled by senate

30

Senate power challenged by

Julius Caesar

31

Octavian battled

Mark Antony in battle of actium and senate declared him the revered one

32

Punic wars

W Carthage

Rome won and more economic power to time they took control of lands an fed expansion

33

Peloponnesian war

Between Athens and Sparta
Fights among city states

All weak and vulnerable to conquest by Macedonia

34

Under who did Persia reach its maximum extent

Darius

35

Ionia was

Governed by Persians and inhabited by Greeks

Darius sent troops to end the rebellions but the Greeks defeated Persians at battle of marathon

36

Xerxes

Defeated at battle of Thermopylae

37

Significance of Persian wars

Boost to Athens they formed the Delian league under Pericles


Decline of Persian power

38

3 major art forms of Greek

Drama
Lyric poetry
Classical architecture

39

Vizier

Head of gov directed by caliph