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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (17):
1

Satraps

Collected tribute and kept order

2

Persian war significance

Decline of Persian power

Boost to Athens

Athens alliance w other city states called Delian league under leadership of Pericles

3

Peloponnesian war

Between Athens and Sparta

Happened bc Athens offended Sparta by attacking Corinth (Spartans ally)

Set of series of fights among city states fueled by long established independence and individuality

ALL WEAK VULNERABLE TO CONQUEST BY MACEDONIA

4

Why battles between Greeks and Persians ?

Wars occurred bc both civilizations we're expanding into Anatolia

Wars SPARKED bc rebellion in IONIA area governed by Persians w Greeks living there

5

Battle at marathon

Darius 1 sent troops to end rebellion at mainland Greece

Greeks defeated Persia

Darius successor xerxes defeated at battle of Thermopylae and platea

Mind set- west and east always hated eachother

6

Macedonia leader? Etc

King Philip transformed it into a powerful military conquered Greek city states cuz we're fighting (poleis)
They too busy fighting to form an alliance against him
Assassinated

7

Alexander the Great

Conquered most of world short period
Army refused to go farther than Indus

Conquered Egypt Anatolia and Persia

8

Hellenistic age

Spread of greekcuktire to north Eastern Africa and Asia

9

Aryans and MAURYA GUPTA EMPIRE

Migrated into Indian sub continent

First had simple society and then interacted w native Dravidians

10

Caste and varna def

A social class of hereditary and usually unchangeable status

Varna "color" refers to SoCial class

11

4 major Varnas

Brahmins - highest (priests scholars ) MOUTH intellect

Kshatriya- warriors and gov officials (ARMs)

Vaishya- THIGHS Land wonders and merchants

SHUDRA - FEEt peasants and laborer

Jati - further subdivided caste or birth groups each had their own occupation duties and rituals
Each had little contact w each other

12

Vedic age

Vedas

Vedas were religious texts passed down gens of Aryana to form songs and prayers to honor the gods

Most important- Rig Veda

Vedas reflects the conflicts between the Aryans and that Dravidians

INdra - Aryan war God

13

Upnaishnads

Works that reflected about the universal spirit aka Brahman

14

Reincarnation

Rebirth of soul after the body dies the human spirit ATMAN can join the universal spirit as long as human behaved ethically those beliefs became

HINDUISM

15

Buddhism

2nd major religion after Hinduism

Founder SIDDHARTHA GUATAMA (prince) left to find meaning of life (enlightenment) foundation of faith called Buddha

16

Ashoka

3rd greatest ruler of the MAURYAn dynasty

India was politically fragmented into seperate kinship groups (diff terains) made communication hard

17

Cyrus the great

1st Persian King

TOLERANCE allowed subjects to retain own culture under supervision of Persian reps