Body Weight, Energy Balance, and Obesity Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Concept and Controversies > Body Weight, Energy Balance, and Obesity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Weight, Energy Balance, and Obesity Deck (14)
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1

What percentage of the adult population in the US is obese?

35%

2

How much does obesity cost the US a year?

147 billion

3

What are the components of energy expenditure?

Basal Metabolism
Thermic effect of Food
Physical Activity
Dietary intake

4

What is BMI?

Body Mass Index

5

BMI Classifications?

<18.5 Underweight
18.5 to 24.9 Normal Weight
25 to 29.9 Overweight
30 to 34.9 Obese class 1
35 – 39.9 Obese class 2
>40 Extreme obesity (morbid obesity/ obesity class 3)

6

Apple Shape equals what?

central obesity

7

Pear Shape equals what?

lower obesity

8

What is central obesity?

excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health

9

What is visceral fat?

(intraperitoneal, associated with organs)
More unhealthy fat

10

What is Subcutaneous fat?

under the skin
>80% of total body fat

11

Is there a best dietary approach to weight loss?

no, tailored to each person as everyone ins different

12

What do people who lose weight successfully do?

Some lose weight quick, overs up to as long as 14 years
45% started on their own, 55% with some program
98% of participants say they modified their food intake in some way to lose weight
94% increased their physical activity – usually walking
Most report maintaining a low calorie diet and high levels of physical activity

13

Why is obesity a health problem?

energy balance, energy in = energy out

14

What are the causes of obesity?

social, behavioral, cultural, physiological, metabolic, genetic factors