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Flashcards in Bones Deck (10)
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Name the bones of the shoulder and arm

Clavicle
Scapula
Humerus

1

Name any major features of the clavicle

S shaped
Acromioclavicular joint
Sternocostal joint

2

Where is the clavicle most likely to fracture?

Between the lateral and middle thirds

3

How may a patient with a broken/fractured clavicle present?

FOOSH
Fall on shoulder
Elevation of medial fracture of bone
Shoulder drops
Patient supports sagging limb with other arm

4

What are some possible complications of a broken clavicle?

Damage to supra scapular nerve
Damage to brachial plexus
Damage to supra scapular and/or subclavian arteries and/or veins

6

Name any major features of the scapula

Infraspinous fossa
Supraspinous fossa
Subscapular fossa
Coracoid process
Acromion
Spine

7

What are the most common types of humeral fracture?

Shaft of humerus
Anatomical neck
Surgical neck

8

How would a patient with a distal humeral fracture/break present?

Pain
Visible break?
Possible damage to medial nerve
Possible damage to brachial artery

9

How can medial nerve function be tested?

Ask patient to form fist with hand
If damaged, first three digits will remain relaxed whilst last two form fist.

11

Name any major features of the humerus

Greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, intertubercular groove, radial groove, medial epichondyle, lateral epichondyle, trochlea.
Long bone