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Flashcards in Botanical Medicine Deck (158):
1

Achillea millefolium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: hemorrhage, menorrhagia, wounds
Act: Bitter, anti-inflam, styptic
Caution: Preg,
Intx: combination with PPI (all bitters)

2

Aconitum napellus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: neuralgia, pain
Act: anodyne
Caution: Narrow therapeutic window - lethal vfib, chest pain

3

Actaea racemosa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: PMS, dysmen, menor, arthritis, myalgia
Act: Uterine tonic, spasmolytic
Caution: early Preg

4

Aesculus hippocastanum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: topical for bruises
Act: venotonic
Caution: nausea

5

Allium cepa/sativum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: lipids, athero, angina, HTN, DM, topical antifungal
Act: antimicrobial
Caution: Bleeding/anticoagulants
Intx: Hypoglycemics

6

Aloe vera indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: frostbite, wounds, burns
Act: Demulcent, immune anti-inflam
Caution: Leaf is extreme laxative

7

Althea officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: gastritis, ulcer, UTI, cystitis
Act: demulcent
Caution: Wet cough

8

Angelica sinensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: amen, endo, menopause, infert, PMS
Act: uterine tonic
Caution: Bleeding, menorrhagia, antiplatelet therapy

9

Articum lappa indication, action, and caution.

Ind: psoriasis, eczema, blood sugar regulation, liver tonic, dyspepsia, biliary insufficiency, hepatitis
Act: alterative
Caution:

10

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: UTI w/ alkaline urine
Act: Urinary antiseptic
Caution: Preg
AE: nausea, mild toxicity

11

Arnica montana indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Bruises, sprains, strains
Act: top vulnerary and anodyne
Caution: broken skin, NO internal use

12

Artemisia annua/absinth/vulg indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Malaria, parasite, cancer
Act: Bitter, anti-parasitic
Caution: high dose neurotoxic

Absinthum: bitter (anti-parasite, malaria)
Annua: digestive, sweeter
Vulg: less used

13

Ascelepius tuberosa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Fever, cough, pneumonia, bronchitis
Act: expectorant, anti-tussive
Caution: Preg

Rarely used

14

Aspidosperma quebracho indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Cough
Act: stimulating expectorant for non-dry cough
Caution: Preg, lactation, children, dry cough

15

Astragalus membranaceus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Infx, CA, AI
Act: Immune modulator
Caution: None

16

Atropa belladonna indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Muscle pain, spasms
Act: anticholinergic, anodyne
Caution: Closed angle glaucoma, BPH
Intx: TCA - potentiates effect of anticholinergics

17

Avena sativa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Anxiety
Act: Hypolipidemic as food, anxiolytic, nervine
Caution: SAFE

18

Bacopa moneirri indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Memory, cognition
Caution: SAFE

19

Baptisia tinctoria indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pharyngitis, infx,
Act: immune modulating, antimicrobial (MC)
Caution: Potential AE tachypnea, tachycardia

20

Berberis aquifolium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Chronic skin - psoriasis, acne, bitter
Act: antimicrobial
Caution: Nausea, GI sx

21

Berberis vulgaris indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Liver dz, GB, gallstones, jaundice
Act: Cholagogue, hepatic
Caution: Preg, bile duct obs.
Intx: MANY DRUGS

22

Boswellia serrata indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Asthma, UC, OA, RA, etc.
Act: Anti-inflammatory (d/t resin)
Caution: SAFE

23

Bryonia alba indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain, infection
Act: Anodyne, immune, some sedation
AE: Abd pain, N/V, diarrhea, not used internally

Rarely used

24

Calendula officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: dermatitis, wounds
Act: demulcent, anti-inflam, vulnerary
Caution: SAFE

25

Camellia sinensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind:
Act: Antioxidant, tannins (astringent)
Caution: Insomnia?

26

Cannabis sativa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain, nausea, CA, chemotherapy, insomnia
Act: Analgesic, sedative, anti-emetic
Caution: Preg, abuse potential, psychiatric issues

Often indicated but not safe

27

Capsella bursa-pastoris indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: hemorrhage, menorrhagia, postpartum hem
Act: styptic
Caution: MAJOR bleeding
Intx: Anticoagulants

28

Capsicum frutescens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain
Act: Antiplatelet, dig stim, top anodyne, anti-inflam
AE: Burning
Intx: Anticoagulants

29

Cassia/Senna alexandrina indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Constipation
Act: direct stimulation/irritation of bowel
Caution: Long-term use, laxative dependence

30

Caulophyllum thalictroides indication, action, and caution/intx.

Act: uterine tonic, parturifacient (late
Caution: early preg

mr Cc guarantees deliveries

31

Ceanothis americanus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: NAFLD, fatty liver, hepatitis
Act: hepatoprotective
Caution: SAFE

32

Centella asiatica indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Nervous insomnia, poor memory, infections, venous insufficiency
Act: nervine, antipyretic, mental tonic

"100 year old Asian woman w/ venous insufficiency, dementia from her old age"

33

Chamaelirium luteum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Amen, dysmen, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, miscarriage
Act: uterine tonic
Caution: SAFE

"Cham Luteum tonifies the corpus luteum of your uterus."

mr cC guarantees deliveries

34

Chelidonium majus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Biliary insuf, gallstone prevention
Act: Choleretic, cholagoge
Caution: Hepatic failure, preg, lactation
AE: N/V

35

Chionanthus virginicus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: LIVER, GB
Act: hepatic, cholagogue, bitter
Caution: obstruction, CA
Generally Safe

36

Cineraria maritima indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Cataract topically
Caution: NO internal use d/t hepatotoxic

37

Cinnamomum zeylanicum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: GI issues, diabetes, metabolic syndrome
Act: gastric stimulation
Caution: ulcers, GERD, gastritis

38

Coleus forskohlii indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Bronchial irritation, dry cough, hoarseness, ASTHMA, weakness or debility
Act: activates cAMP, adaptogen, cardiotonic, immune
Caution:
Intx: Warfarin, digoxin

39

Commiphora mukul indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Hyperlipidemia (LDL)
Act: anti-inflam
Caution: IBD
Intx: B-blockers

40

Commiphora myrrha indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Infx
Act: anti-infxn, anti-microbe
Caution: SAFE

41

Convallaria majalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: CHF, arrhythmia
Act: milder digitalis
Caution: Induce heart block
Intx: Diuretics, b-blockers, +++

42

Cordyceps sinensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Asthma, cough, bronchitis, resp disorders
Act: Potentiates Epi, relaxes smooth muscles
Caution: AI
Intx: some drug interaction (think Epi)

43

Corydalis amibua indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Gastritis, pain, parasites, arrhythmia, bacteria (largely for GI SYSTEM)
Act: hypnotic, sedative, tranquilizing
Caution: Can be toxic

44

Crataegus laevigata/oxycantha indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: HEART
Caution: SAFE

45

Curcuma longa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Act: Anti-inflam, hepatoprotective, anti-cancer
Caution: SAFE

46

Cynara scolymus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Hyperlipidemia, liver/GB issues
Act: Bitter/hepatic
Caution: digestive stim (GERD)

47

Datura stramonium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Spasms/pain
Act: anticholinergic
CI: BPH, closed angle glaucoma
AE: dryness
Intx: anticholinergics (TCA)

48

Digitalis purpurea indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: CHF, arrhythmia
Act: modulates heart rhythm
Caution: lethal overdose
Intx: MANY

Might be indicated, but not safe.

49

Dioscorea villosa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Dysmen, endometriosis PMS
Act: spasmolytic
Caution: SAFE

50

Echinacea augustifolia/purp/pall indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Infxn, influenza
Act: antimicrobial, inflam-modulating, antiviral
Caution: long-term use, possibly autoimmune

51

Eleuthrococcus senticosus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Infxn, CA, AI
Act: Immune mod, adrenal support
AE: Irritability, insomnia

52

Ephedra sinica indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Sinusitis, asthma, COPD, rhinitis
Act: alpha adrenergic agonist - helps breath
CI: HTN, DM, hyperthyroid
AE: Agitation

Might be indicated but not safe

53

Equisetum arvense indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: UTI, kidney stones, skin issues
Act: urinary tonic
Caution: SAFE

54

Eschscholzia californica indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: sleep
Act: anxiolytic, sedative
Intx: benzo

55

Eucalyptus globulus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: URI, pharyngitis, tonsillitis
Act: essential oil, antimicrobial
Caution: internal use may cause A/E

56

Eupatorium perfoliatum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: fever, infxn
Caution: Hepatotoxic (Pyrrolizidine alkaloids)

57

Eupatorium purpureum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: urolithiasis, gout, renal calculi
Caution: hepatotoxic (P.A)
Get's the gravel out of you.

58

Euphrasia officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Face-itits
Act: anti-inflam, allergy
Caution: SAFE

59

Foeniculum vulgare indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Gas, bloating, lactation
Act: phytoestrogen, galactagogue, carminative
Caution: SAFE

60

Fucus vesiculosus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Goiter, hypothyroidism
Act: iodine source
Caution: general for appropriate iodine consumption for appropriate thyroid function.

61

Galium aparine indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Chronic skin infx, UTI, urolithiasis
Act: Lymphagogue
Caution: SAFE

"Golum skin"

62

Ganoderma lucidum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: CA, Infxn
Act: deep immune activation
Caution: Autoimmune conditions

63

Gelsemium sempervirens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Trigeminal neuralgia, fever, insomnia, pain
Act: Stim/dep neural function, antispasmodic, cardiosedative
Caution: EXTREMELY TOXIC
AE: Sedation
CI: Hypotention, Preg

Likely not safe.

64

Gentian lutea indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Low stomach acid
Act: Bitter, hepatotonic
AE: Nausea
Caution: GI stimulation

65

Geranium maculatum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: GI health, hemorrhage, menorrhagia, diarrhea, varicose veins
Act: vulnerary, anti-inflam, tannins
AE: Nausea

66

Ginkgo biloba indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Cerebrovascular insufficiency, depression, dementia, memory, arterial insuf, intermittent claud, impotence, anti-CA
CI: bleeding
Intx: anticoagulants

67

Glycyrrhiza glabra indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Gastritis, PUD, H. pylori
Act: hepatoprotective, immune, demulcent, anti-inflam
Caution: can inc BP
Intx: Drugs that cause hypokalemia (digoxin, quinidine, gentamicin)

68

Grindelia robusta indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Grinding, spasmodic cough
Act: Anti-inflam, resin increases mucus
Caution: SAFE-ish

69

Gymnema sylvestre indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: DM, cravings, weight loss
Caution: SAFE
Intx: Hypoglycemics

70

Hamamelis virginiana indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: hemorrhoids, varicose veins, diarrhea, venous congestion
Act: astringent
Caution: fairly safe

71

Harpagophytum procumbens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: gout, OA, RA ( top for pain)
Act: topical anti-inflam
Caution: SAFE

Devil's claw

72

Humulus lupulus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Insomnia
Act: nervine, bitter, phytoestrogen
Caution: gastric stim, depression

73

Hydrangea arborenscens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: kidney, bladder stones
Act: diuretic, anti-lithic
Caution: overdose causes vertigo, chest pain

74

Hydrastis canadensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Mucus membranes
Act: bitter, antimicrobial, immune, anti-H-pylori
Caution: can cause dysbiosis, GI stim

75

Hyoscyamus niger indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain, urinary spasm, IC
Act: sedative, hypnotic, anti-spasm, anticholinergic
Caution: BPH, closed angle glaucoma
Intx: anticholinergic (TCAs)
Visual blurring with toxicity

76

Hypericum perforatum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: depression, CA, antiviral
Caution: can cause photosensitivity
Intx: LOTS of interaction CYP450 3A4

77

Inula helenium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Asthma, COPD, cough, URI, bronchitis, parasites
Caution: SAFE

"In U there is a Hel that wants to get out and escape through your lungs"

78

Iris versicolor indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Lymphatic, thyroid, GI (N/V)
Act: cholagoge, choleretic, alterative
AE: N/V

79

Juglans nigra indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Juglans nigra
Act: antifungal
CI: Pregnancy, GI irritation

80

Juniperus communis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: UTI, top myalgia
Act: antimicrobial, urinary sedative, anti-septic
Caution: renal damage

81

Larrea tridentata indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Allergic rhinitis, CA, Infxn
Caution: hepatotoxic, liver dz

"Trident in your liver"

82

Leonurus cardiaca indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Palpitations, uterine tonic, hyperthryoids
Act: antispasmodic, bitter
Caution: Safe-ish
AE: GI effects

83

Leptandra virginica indication, action, and caution/intx.

Act: hepatotonic, choleretic, cholagogue, butter
Caution: GI stim

Rarely used

84

Lugusticum porteri indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Chronic fatigue, Fibro, EBV (STRONG medicine)
Act: ANTI-VIRAL, liver issues, cholecystitis, GI stasis
AE: whole body rash, GI irritation (emetic)

85

Ligustrum lucidum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Infxn, CA
Caution: SAFE

"Music heals. so STRUM that guitar until you are infxn and CA free."

86

Linum usitassismum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Constipation, cholesterol
Act: food source of fiber, health fat
Caution: IBS, IBD flare
AE: GI (nausea, bloat, gas)

87

Lobelia inflata indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Wet cough, URI, smoker's cough, lung dz
Act: Nervine, diffuse pulm tonic
AE: N/V, Overdose can cause death

"Inflates the lungs"

88

Lomatium dissectum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: STRONG
Act: antiviral
AE: WHOLE BODY RASH, photosensitization

"Dissects viruses"

89

Lycopus virginicus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Hyperthyroidism (heart palp, anxiety)
Act: anti-thyroid
CI: preg, lac
Intx: Antithyroid drugs

90

Matricaria chamomilla indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Children, GI, skin, anxiety, preg, infx, n/v
Act: vulnerary, anxiolytic
Caution: SAFE

Chamomile

91

Medicago sativa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Endometriosis, infertility, menopause
Act: phytoestrogen
Caution: SAFE

92

Melaleuca alternifolia indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Fungal infx top
Act: antifungal, antimicrobial

Tea-tree oil

93

Four "C" vulnerary herbs.

Comfrey, chamomile, calendula, and chickweed.

94

indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind:
Act:
Caution:
Intx:

95

Melissa officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Hyperthyroidism, anxiety w/ GI (dyspepsia, IBS, colic)
Act: nervine, antithyroid
CI: Hypothyroid, GERD
Intx: antithyroid med

96

Menth piperita indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Dyspepsia, colic, GI
Act: carminative, spasmolytic
Caution: GI stimulation

97

Mitchella repens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: dysmen, infertility, fibroids
Act: uterine tonic, parturifacient
CI: early preg

"Repens the uterus"
Mr cc guarantees deliveries

98

Momordica charantia indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: DM, psoriasis
Act: bitter
CI: wet cough, gastric stim

99

Olea europea indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: HTN, viral infxn
Act: bitter, antifungal
Caution: GI stim

100

Panax ginseng/quinquefolium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Immune, DM, fatigue
Act: phytoestrogen, adaptogen (STRONG STIM)
ginseng (STRONG STIM)
quinqu (immune stim)

101

Passiflora incarnata indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: anxiety, insomnia
Act: nervine
Caution: fairly safe
Intx: anxiolytic, sedatives

102

Pausinystalia yohimbe indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: ED
Act: alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist
CI: anxiety
Intx: viagra

103

Phytolacca americana indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Lymphadenopathy, mastitis, BREAST STUFF, CA
Act: lymphagogue
Caution: OD causes systemic toxicity
CI: Pregnancy

Pokeweed

104

What is your primary concern with bitter herbs?

Caution if you want to avoid GI stimulation i.e. GERD, ulcers, or PPI use

105

Piper methysticum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Anxiety, IC pain
Act: nervine
Caution: hepatotoxic
CI: antipsychotic, long-term use
Intx: sedatives

Kava

106

Piscidia erythrina indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: pain, myalgia, neuralgia, HA, dysmen
Act: anodyne, spasmolytic, sedative
CI: preg
Intx: sedatives

Dogwood

107

Plantago major indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: gastritis ulcer
Act: demulcent vulnerary
Caution: wet cough (b/c increased fluid w/ demulcent property)

108

Podophyllum peltatum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: CA, warts
Act: antineoplastic, ant-HPV
Caution: EXTREMELY TOXIC, not used as dry herb

Not safe

109

Prunus serotina indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: spasmodic cough
Act: antitussive
Caution: SAFE

Black cherry

110

Prunus africanum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: BPH
Caution: SAFE

111

Pulsatilla vulgaris indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain, dysmen, endometriosis, pain, PMS
Act: anodyne, sedative
Caution: not commonly used internally
AE: abd pain
Intx:

112

Quercus rubra indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids
Act: astringent (STRONG), anti-inflam, anti-septic
Caution: Use short-term due to reduced nutrient absorption, CI on externally damaged skin

Red Oak

113

Rauwolfia serpentina indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: HTN, anti-arrhythmic
CI: Depression (b/c catecholamine depletion)
Intx: BP meds, MAO inhib

114

Rhamnus frangula/purshiana indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: "Rhamming something up your ass." Cathartic for constipation
Act: irritant laxative
CI: preg, lac, dependence
AE: abd crap, diarrhea

Buckthorn

115

Rhodiola rosea indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: chronic stress, immunosuppression
Act: adaptogen, antidepressant
Caution: SAFE

116

Ricinis communis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Castor oil
Ind: Pain, dysme, ovarian cyst, PMS, myalgia
Act: topical - anodyne, anti-inflam
Caution: TOXIC OD internally, do not use long-term
Can be used orally for OA.

117

Rosmarinus officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: cerebrovascular insufficiency (hypotension, dementia, memory)
Act: anti-microbial (volatile oil, topical)
Caution: SAFE

118

Rubus idaeus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Prepare labour, uterine tonic
Act: "rubus rubs the uterus"
Caution: VERY VERY SAFE, throughout preg

mR cc guarantees deliveries

Raspberry

119

Rumex crispus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Chronic skin dz
Act: bitter, hepatoprotective, alterative
AE: Nausea

Yellow dock

120

Salix alba indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Pain, fever, myalgia, arthritis, HA
Act: anodyne, like aspirin
CI: NOT FOR CHILDREN - VIRAL EXANTHEM
AE: GI irritation

Willow

121

Salvia officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: skin infxn, hot flashes and infxns
Act: anti-secretory, anti-bacteriol
CI: lactation (dry up flow)

Sage

122

Sambucas nigra indication, action, and caution/intx.

Flower: fever, conjunctivitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis
Fruit: URI, influenza
AE: diarrhea

Elderberry

123

Sanguinaria canadensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: cervical dysplasia, escharotic, basal or squamous cell carcinoma (TOPICAL)
Act: tissue destruction
Caution: TOXIC internally
Topical CI: Painful ulceration, skin necrosis

Bloodroot

124

Shizandra chinensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Stress, depression, cough
Act: adaptogen, hepatoprotective, expectorant, antitussive
CI: preg

125

Scutellaria lateriflora/baicalensis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Insomnia, anxiety, pain
Caution: SAFE

Skullcap

126

Selenicereus grandiflorus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Arrhythmia, palpitation, CHF, angina
Intx: MAO inhib

Cactus

127

Serenoa repns indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: BPH, PCOS, baldness
Act: inhibits act of testosterone, 5 alpha reductase inhib
Caution: SAFE

Saw palmetto

128

Silybum marianum indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholelith, fatty
Act: hepatoprotective
Caution: SAFE

Milk thistle

129

Smilax spp. indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: PMS, menopause, low T, andropause
Act: alterative, hormonal balance

"Smile no more PMS."

130

Solidago spp. indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Nephritis, UTI
Act: pulmonary, renal, diuretic
Caution: SAFE

Goldenrod

131

Symphytum offinicale indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: wounds, dermatitis, fractures, inflam of resp or GI system
Act: anti-inflam
CI: Preg, lac (has P.A. therefore hepatotoxic)

Comfrey

132

Tanacetum parthenium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Migraines
Caution: SAFE

Feverfew

133

Tanacetum vulgare indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: intestinal parasites (VULGAR PARASITES)
CI: preg (abortifacient), GI sx

Tansy

134

Taraxacum officinale indication, action, and caution/intx.

Leaf: bitter, UTI, kidney stones
Root: bitter, hepatic
CI: Ulcer
AE: Nausea

Dandelion

135

Theobroma cacao indication, action, and caution/intx.

Act: antioxidant, nursing the health of the skin, stimulant
Caution: Restlessness, theobromine/caffeine

136

Thuja occidentalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: warts, infxn, like pharyngitis
Act: anti-microbial
CI: Preg
Caution: neurotoxic

137

Thymus vulgaris indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: topical for myalgia, H. pylori, viral/bacterial/fungal GI infx
Act: antimicrobial
Caution: Neurotoxic

Thyme

138

Tilea europa indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: infxn, colds, flus, HTN
Act: circulatory tonic, diaphoretic
Caution: SAFE

Linden

139

Tribulus terrestris indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: libido, fertility
Act: stimulant, testosterone boosting
CI: preg

Bindii

140

Trifolium pratense indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Menopause, hot flash, preg
Act: phytoestrogen
Caution: SAFE
"For TENSE women"

Red clover

141

Tussilago farfara indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Dry cough, dermatitis
Caution: Hepatotoxic (due to P.A.)

Coltsfoot

142

Ulmus rubra indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Gastritis, GERD, ulcer
Act: GI Demulcent
CI: wet cough (makes wetter)

Slippery Elm

143

Urtica dioica indication, action, and caution/intx.

Leaf/seed: lower UTI, urolith
Root: BPH
Act: nutritive
Caution: stinging topically (can be used for rheumatic conditions

Nettles

144

Usnea barbata indication, action, and caution/intx.

Act: antimicrobial, antifungal
Caution: hepatotoxic

Old Man's Beard

145

Vaccinium myrtillus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Fruit: Vision (diabetic retinopathy), veins, UTI
Leaf: DM (don't want to eat the sugary fruit)
Caution: SAFE

Bilberry

146

Valeriana officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: insomnia, anxiety, smooth muscle spasms
Act: nervine
Caution: can cause sedation
Intx: may prolong GABA drugs

Valerian

147

Veratrum alba indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: HTN, cholera (gushing bowels)
Caution: TOXIC, teratogenic, rarely used

148

Verbascum thapsus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Asthma, COPD, any cough
Caution: SAFE

Mullein

149

Verbena officinalis indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: menopause, anxious women
Act: alterative, female specific
CI: Gastric stim, otherwise safe
AE: Nausea

150

Viburnum opulus/prunifolium indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Dysmen, endometriosis, PMS, spasm, myalgia
Act: spasmolytic to smooth muscle
Caution: SAFE

Cramp bark

151

Vinca major/minor indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: HA, vertigo, HTN, memory (BRAIN)
Act: circ stim
CI: Preg

Periwinkle

152

Viscum album/flavescens indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: subcutaneously for CA, HTN (not used for)
Act:
Caution: TOXC overdose from berries

Iscador/Helixor - CA meds

Mistletoe

153

Vitex agnus-castus indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: PMS, acne, amenorrhea, ovarian cyst
Act: increases progest, normalize hormones
CI: Preg

Chaste Tree Berry

154

Withania somnifera indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: Stress, infx
Act: Adaptogen, immune stinulant
CI: AI and Preg

Ashwaganda

155

Zingiber officinale indication, action, and caution/intx.

Ind: GI
Act: anti-emetic, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-infx
Caution: Gastric Stim

156

Name herbs with cardiac glycosides?

Digitalis purpurea, Leonurus cardiaca, Convallaria majalis

157

Name the anti-muscarinic(cholinergic) herbs?

Atropa belladonna, Hyoscyamus niger, Datura stramonium

158

CYP450 inducing herbs?

Bacopa, Capsicum, Commiphora mukul, Hypericum, Larrea Tridentata