Gynecology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gynecology Deck (18):
1

What dose of Vitamin A is the cut-off in pregnancy?

10000 IU

2

What is the diagnostic criteria for PCOS (Rotterdam Criteria)?

Two of the following three criteria are required:
1) oligo/anovulation 2)hyperandrogenism 3) clinical (hirsutism or less commonly male pattern alopecia) or
biochemical (raised FAI or free testosterone)
3) polycystic ovaries on ultrasound

3

Name the vaginal disorder:
pH < 4.5, neg KOH odor, hyphae

Candida

4

Name the vaginal disorder:
pH > 5.0, possible + whiff test, motile organisms

Trichomonas

5

Name the vaginal disorder:
pH > 4.5, + whiff test, clue cells

BV

6

Name the tumor marker:
CA-15-3
CA 19-9
CA-125
CEA
AFP
PSA
B-HCG

Breast
Pancreatic
Ovarian
Colon - Breast CA
Germ cell neoplasia, hepatoma
Prostate CA
Germ cell tumors and gestational trophoblastic dz

7

Which HPV strains are associated with cervical CA?

HPV 16, 18, 31, 33

8

T/F: Bleeding after intercourse requires workup for cervical CA.

T

9

MC benign tumor in women? Is it estrogen dependent?

Leiomyoma/Fibroid

Yes

10

MC invasive CA of the female tract? What symptoms is most suspicious of this condition?

Adenocarcinoma

Postmenopausal woman starts bleeding

11

Term: mid-cycle or mid-ovulation pain?

Mittelschmerz

12

Term: Mucoid cyst(s) on the cervix.

Nabothian

13

What are common SSX for ovarian CA?

GI sx

14

What are some side effects of estradiol?

Seizures, thromboembolism, CVA, MI, hepatic adenoma, nausea, GI distress

Increased risk of endometrial and/or breast cancer

15

What are some drug interactions with OCPs?

Acetaminophen/Vit C - inc plasma estrogen

Atorvastatin - inc plasma estrogen

Azole antifungals, barbituats, figampin, modafinil, St. John's, tetracyclines, penicillin - decrease effectiveness

Benzo, caffeine, steroids, theophylline, tricycl antidepressants - effects increased by OCP

Lamotrigine - effects decreased by OCP

Thyroid - increases need for thyroid

16

What OCP can be used to treat uterine fibroids?

Depo-provera

17

What form of vaginitis has red "strawberry" spots?

Trichomonas

18

What must be ruled out with a red, warm breast?

Inflammatory Carcinoma of the breast
Paget's Dz
Mastitis