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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (32):
1

What are the ECG findings in pericarditis?

diffuse ST elevation, PR depression

2

What are the ECG findings in myocarditis?

non-specific ST changes

3

What are the ECG findings in endocarditis?

Inc PR interval (perivalvular abscess)

4

What are the ECG findings in dilated cardiomyopathy?

non-spec ST-T changes and Q waves.

5

What are the ECG findings in restrictive cardiomyopathy?

non spec ST changes

6

What are the ECG findings in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

abn Q wave, short PR int

7

What are the ECG findings in a MI?

Q waves, ST elev, inverted T wav

8

Name the heart block :
1) no relationship between P waves and QRS compled
2) long PR int, P waves present
3) QRS does not follow each P

1) 3rd deg
2) 1st deg
3) 2nd deg

9

Mobitz I vs Mobitz II

I) QRS does NOT follow each P, PR int inc progressively
II) PR steady, irreg P waves

10

BP of hypertensive crisis

>180/>120

11

What is an abnormal ankle-brachial index?

less than or equal to .9
rest pain at .3
claudication at .6

12

What condition is characterized by thrombosis of the inferior vena cava resulting in abd pain, enlaged liver, and ascites?

Budd-Chiari syndrome

13

Symptom triad of a dissecting abd aorta...

Pulsatile abd mass, hypotension, pain

14

List the MI markers and time frame.

Troponin I: 2-4 hrs post
CK/MB: 4-6 hrs post
Myoglobin 4-8 hrs post
AST: 6-36 hrs post
LDH1> LDH2: 12-48 hrs post

15

What are the ECG findings in hypokalemia?

flat T wave, U wave

16

What are the ECG findings in hyperkalemia?

wide P & QRS, peaked T wave

17

What are the ECG findings in hypocalcemia?

long QT

18

What are the ECG findings in hypercalcemia?

short QT

19

What are the ECG findings in digitalis toxicity?

Scooped ST

20

Which lab tests for internal clotting cascade?

PTT (PuT iT in)

21

Which lab test for ext clotting?

PT/INR (PuT out)

22

What is the mechanism of warfarin?

Vit K antagonist (affects factors 2, 7, 9, and 10)

23

What is the mechanism for Heparin?

Binds antithrombin III

24

T/F: LDH1 is normally greated than LDH2

False, only with cardiac damage

25

What does the P wave on an ECG mostly indicate?

Atrial depolarization

26

What does the QRS complex on an ECG mostly indicate?

Vent depolarization

27

What does the T wave on an ECG mostly indicate?

Vent repolarization

28

What are the types of large, medium and small vasculitis?

Large: giant cell arteritis, Tay Sach's dz
Medium: polyarteritis nodosa, kawasaki's dz
Small - ANCA and non ANCA

29

Emergent tx for MI

Morphine, Oxygen, Nitroglycerin, Aspirin

30

Are systolic or diastolic murmurs more concerning?

Diastolic

31

ECG finding in mitral stenosis?

Notched P wave

32

Which type of murmur is worse? Diastolic or systolic?

Diastolic - heart should be at rest