Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (26):
What is normal HR, RR, and BP for 0-1yo?
What is normal HR, RR and BP for 1-5yo
What is normal HR, RR and BP for 5-10yo
Pediatric tumor of the adrenal medulla? MC pediatric renal tumor?
T/F: MC cause of encephalitis.
Name the condition: Infxn w/ parvovirus B19, classic slapped-cheek appearance which typically fades over 2-4 d, erythematous maculopapular rash extends to trunk and proximal extremities 1-4 days after slapped-cheeks.
Erythema infectiosum (Fifth's Dz)
What childhood dz has Forchheimer's spots on the posterior soft/hard palate that develops with the onset of the pruritic rash?
What sequelae of GAS pharyngitis has a white exudate covered tongue that is studded with prominent red papillae? The white exudate disappears leaving a beefy red tongue, "strawberry tongue."
Infant infx with HSV 6 - causing non-pruritic rash.
T/F: Measles is found on the soles and palms.
F. Spares the soles and palms.
T/F: Chicken pox is found on the soles and palms.
Which childhood respiratory illness has a steeple sign on xray?
What creates a tetralogy of fallot?
Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
Overriding aortic root
Right ventricular hypertrophy
What are the auscultation findings of VSD?
Holosystolic murmur at LLSB w/ thrill
Mid-diastolic rumble at apex
Name the condition: Absence of ganglion cells in Meissner's submucosal plexus and Auerbach's myenteric plexus causing localized constant contraction without relaxation, resulting in obstruction.
What are the SSX of intussusception? Where is the typical site?
Sudden onset of recurrent, paroxysmal, and severe periumbilical pain
Palpable sausage-shaped mass in LRQ
"red currant jelly" stools
Ileocecal junction, jejunum in children
SSX of meconium ileus?
Abdominal distention, bilious green vomit and no passage of merconium
Name the condition: Starts at 2-4wks of age, nonbilious projectile vomiting and regurgitation after feeding, may show dehydration and malnutrition. Firm, nontender, and mobile hard pyloris, "olive sign."
Name the condition: pediatric avascular necrosis of femoral head ossification centers - usually bilateral, most often in boys.
3 types of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
1) Systemic arthritis/Still's Dz (high fever x 2 wks, extra articular features)
2) Oligoarticular arthritis (1-4 joints, ANA pos, no systemic ssx)
3) Polyarticular arthritis (symmetric >5 joints, RF pos)
Name the condition: Repetitive quadriceps contraction through the patellar tendon at its insertion that has a skeletally immature tibial tubercle, eventually leading to fragmentation of the tibial tubercle. Very common cause of knee pain in athletic children (jumping sports) age 10-15yo.
What are the complications of cryptorchidism? When should the testes normally descend by?
Inc risk for seminoma
Inc risk of testicular torsion
Name the condition: Dz of the proximal renal tubules of the kidney in which glucose, amino acids, uric acid, phosphate and bicarbonate are passed into the urine, instead of being reabsorbed. SSX - polyuria, polydipsia , impaired growth, acidosis, bone deformities.
Term for lead poisoning? Tx?
Term: Vascular tumor, benign proliferation of thick-walled blood vessels in the dermis.