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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (26):
1

What is normal HR, RR, and BP for 0-1yo?

120
40
80/40

2

What is normal HR, RR and BP for 1-5yo

100
30
100/60

3

What is normal HR, RR and BP for 5-10yo

80
20
120/80

4

Pediatric tumor of the adrenal medulla? MC pediatric renal tumor?

Neuroblastoma
Nephroblastoma/Wilms tumor

5

T/F: MC cause of encephalitis.

Viruses

6

Name the condition: Infxn w/ parvovirus B19, classic slapped-cheek appearance which typically fades over 2-4 d, erythematous maculopapular rash extends to trunk and proximal extremities 1-4 days after slapped-cheeks.

Erythema infectiosum (Fifth's Dz)

7

What childhood dz has Forchheimer's spots on the posterior soft/hard palate that develops with the onset of the pruritic rash?

Rubella

8

What sequelae of GAS pharyngitis has a white exudate covered tongue that is studded with prominent red papillae? The white exudate disappears leaving a beefy red tongue, "strawberry tongue."

Scarlett fever

9

Infant infx with HSV 6 - causing non-pruritic rash.

Roseola infantum

10

T/F: Measles is found on the soles and palms.

F. Spares the soles and palms.

11

T/F: Chicken pox is found on the soles and palms.

T.

12

Which childhood respiratory illness has a steeple sign on xray?

Laryngotracheobronchitis (Croup)

13

What creates a tetralogy of fallot?

VSD
Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
Overriding aortic root
Right ventricular hypertrophy

14

What are the auscultation findings of VSD?

Holosystolic murmur at LLSB w/ thrill
Mid-diastolic rumble at apex

15

Name the condition: Absence of ganglion cells in Meissner's submucosal plexus and Auerbach's myenteric plexus causing localized constant contraction without relaxation, resulting in obstruction.

Hirschsprung Dz

16

What are the SSX of intussusception? Where is the typical site?

Sudden onset of recurrent, paroxysmal, and severe periumbilical pain
Palpable sausage-shaped mass in LRQ
"red currant jelly" stools

Ileocecal junction, jejunum in children

17

SSX of meconium ileus?

Abdominal distention, bilious green vomit and no passage of merconium

18

Name the condition: Starts at 2-4wks of age, nonbilious projectile vomiting and regurgitation after feeding, may show dehydration and malnutrition. Firm, nontender, and mobile hard pyloris, "olive sign."

Pyloric stenosis

19

Name the condition: pediatric avascular necrosis of femoral head ossification centers - usually bilateral, most often in boys.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Dz

20

3 types of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.

1) Systemic arthritis/Still's Dz (high fever x 2 wks, extra articular features)
2) Oligoarticular arthritis (1-4 joints, ANA pos, no systemic ssx)
3) Polyarticular arthritis (symmetric >5 joints, RF pos)

21

Name the condition: Repetitive quadriceps contraction through the patellar tendon at its insertion that has a skeletally immature tibial tubercle, eventually leading to fragmentation of the tibial tubercle. Very common cause of knee pain in athletic children (jumping sports) age 10-15yo.

Osgood-Schlatter Dz

22

What are the complications of cryptorchidism? When should the testes normally descend by?

Infertility
Inc risk for seminoma
Inc risk of testicular torsion

3 months

23

Name the condition: Dz of the proximal renal tubules of the kidney in which glucose, amino acids, uric acid, phosphate and bicarbonate are passed into the urine, instead of being reabsorbed. SSX - polyuria, polydipsia , impaired growth, acidosis, bone deformities.

Fanconi syndrome

24

Term for lead poisoning? Tx?

Plumbism

EDTA chelation

25

Term: Vascular tumor, benign proliferation of thick-walled blood vessels in the dermis.

Hemangioma

26

What lab testing is indicated for somnambulism?

Sleep study with EEG