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Flashcards in BPH Deck (12):
1

What does BPH stand for?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

2

What are the symptoms of BPH?

Urinary frequency
Nocturia
Urgency
Poor flow
Incomplete voiding

3

What is a differential for BPH?

Bladder stricture
Obstruction
Diabetes Mellitus

4

Which symptoms point towards the eventual need for surgery?

Poor flow
Incomplete voiding

5

What should be asked specifically in the history?

Sexual dysfunction
Antidepressant drugs

6

What examination should be carried out?

DRE
Abdominal exam
Exclusion of caudal equina

7

Which investigations should be carried out in GP?

Urinalysis
PSA

8

When would urine cytology be performed?

If symptoms very irritating
To exclude carcinoma in situ

9

What is important to remember when taking PSA?

DRE will put it up so need to do PSA first.
PSA increases with age

10

What is uroflowmetry?

Checks pressure of flow of urine

11

What is a transrectal ultrasoundography for?

Guides prostatic biopsy needle
Prostatic volume

12

What value should PSA be?

around 4 nanograms