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Flashcards in haematuria Deck (17):
1

What are the two groups of haematuria?

Macroscopic
Microscopic

2

True or False
Presence of haematuria warrants a urology review

True

3

How is haematuria diagnosed?

5 RBC in sample in 3 consequent samples more than 1 week apart

4

What symptoms can lower urinary tract haematuria cause?

Hesitancy, frequency, urgency, dysuria

5

What is the most common upper urinary tract symptom?

Renal colic

6

What drugs can cause urine to be red?

Rifampicin
Nitrofurantoin
Warfarin

7

What are the risk factors for developing bladder cancer in microscopic haematuria?

Smoking
Occupation
Age >40
Hx of UTI
Analgesic abuse

8

True or False
Calculi can cause frank haematuria

True

9

What is the Israel triad?

Haematuria
Pain
Kidney mass

10

When is Israel triad seen?

In renal tumours but not often

11

What is the most common tumour of the kidney?

Renal cell carcinoma

12

What cell makes up bladder cancer?

Transitional cell

13

What is joggers haematuria?

Can occur with contact sports or with some runners

14

What is decompression haematuria?

Occurs when catheterisation may drain urine too quickly.

15

What painkiller is linked with upper urinary tract cancer?

Phanacetin

16

What does dark blood with clots point towards?

Trauma which is now resolving

17

Which occupations add to the risk of bladder cancer?

Painters
Rubber workers
Hairdressers
Dental technicians