Penile and testicular Cancer Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Penile and testicular Cancer Deck (25):
1

What is BXO?

Balanitis xerotica obliterans

2

What is BXO in women?

Lichenus sclerosis

3

What is BXO?

Fissuring, bleeding, white sclerotic patches

4

What is the classic presentation of BXO?

Tight foreskin

5

What causes BXO?

Bad longterm hygiene

6

What is the treatment for BXO?

Circumcision

7

What are the carcinoma in situ called?

Bowen's disease on genitalia
Erythroplasia of Queryat on glans or shaft

8

What topical treatment can be given to treat penile carcinoma in situ?

Topical 5 fluorouracil

9

Who is most likely to get penile carcinoma?

Older men
HPV 16

10

What is phimosis?

Inability to retract foreskin

11

What kind of cell is a penile cancer?

Invasive squamous cell carcinoma

12

What is a penile carcinoma like?

Foul smelling fungating mass

13

How is penile cancer diagnosed?

USS
Biopsy

14

What is the treatment for a penile cancer?

Total/partial penectomy

15

What are the germ cell tumours?

Seminoma
Teratoma

16

Where can a testicular metastasis come from?

Prostate
Stomach

17

What is the imaging used to diagnose testicular cancers?

USS

18

What markers are used for testicular tumours?

AFP
LDH
HCG

19

Why is a CXR common in testicular cancer?

Look for cannonball metastases

20

Where is an orchidectomy approached from?

Inguinal canal.
NOT through scrotum

21

In who is testicular cancer more common in?

20-35 years
Undescended testicles

22

What is important to remember before treating testicular tumours?

Fertility.
?Store sperm

23

Which markers are raised in a teratoma?

Alfa feta protein (AFP)

24

What other tumour markers are present in testicular cancers?

HCG
LDH

25

What is the buzzword for a testicular seminoma?

Potato like