*Brief Pleural Disease Flashcards Preview

Study notes - Respiratory > *Brief Pleural Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in *Brief Pleural Disease Deck (10):
1

Protein level in exudates?

Greater than 30g/L

2

What usually causes exudates?

Increased leakiness of capillaries secondary to infection, inflammation or malignancy

3

Protein level in transudate?

Less than 30g/L

4

Cases of transudates?

Increased venous pressure e.g. cardiac failure, pericarditis
Hypoproteinuria e.g. cirrhosis, malabsorption
Most likely not a chest problem

5

Investigations of pleural effusion?

CXR
US
Aspiraiton testing

6

What type of pleural effusion is straw coloured?

Exudate

7

What does food particles in pleural effusion mean?

Oesophagus has ruptured

8

What does milky pleural effusion mean?

Empyema

9

Treatment of pleural effusion?

Depends on cause e.g. HF = diuretics, infection = antibiotics and drain

10

What sign suggest air in the mediastinum?

Herman's sign = click on auscultation of left side