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Flashcards in C4 Deck (20):

Name the 4 obligations the constitution places on the national government for the benefit of the states:

1. Grantee states a republican form of gov. (Representative)
2. Protect states against foreign invasion and domestic violence (attack from other countries riots at home and natural disasters)
3. Respect territorial integrity of states (recognize states boundaries)
4. Admitting new state (congress has this power.)


Name 4 programs (forms of federal aid) in which the national government helps/assists the states

1. Grants-in-aid
2. FBI assists state and local police
3. Trains the national guard for the states
4. Take a census for the states.


Name 3 state aid programs in which the states help/assist the national government.

1. State and local police assist the FBI
2. States run the naturalization immigration program
3. States run all national elections


List and describe 3 types of federal grants

-Categorical grant: used for specific purpose/programs suck as collages tuition school lunch water treatment
-block grant:used for large broad programs such as welfare and Medicare/aid
-project grants: used for projects such as medical research (cancer/aids) given to private and gov. agencies


What two interstate compacts do all 50 states agree upon?

1. Compact for the supervision of parolees and probationers
2. Compact on juvenile delinquents


Delegated powers

Powers granted to the national government by the constitution


Expressed powers

Spelled out in words in the constitution 27powers


Implied powers

Powers suggested but not stated in the constitution


Inherent powers

Powers given to the national gov. By it is a gov. Of a sovereign state


Resevered powers

Not given the national gov. And not denied to the state


Concurrent powers

Powers that the states and national government share


Supremacy clause

Resolves conflicts between the two levels of gov. By setting up a ladder of laws


List the ladder of laws in the supremacy clause:who administers this clause?

1. United States constitution
2. Acts of congress
3. State constitution
4. State laws
5. City/country laws


Supreme Court

Acts as the umpire of the supremacy clause. Makes rulings and final decisions


Dual federalism

Gov. Power was strictly divided by the states and national giv. National gov. Was small


Cooperative federalism

Social programs to assist states with regulations national gov. Became very large


Full faith and credit

States most recognize the validity of records documents and civil count decisions in other states


Privileges and Immunities

States cannot draw unreasonable distinction between their own residents and residents of the other states


Interstate compact

Agreements among two or more states(foreign states)
More than 200 deal with issues such as 1. conservation of resources 2. fighting forest fires 3. combat water air pollution 4. harbor contro


Just examples of reasonable distinctions that states can use against residence of other states under the privileges and immunities clause

1. Can't vote
2. Can't hold public office
3. Can't practice law medicine teach without certification
4. Charge more for college tuition/hunting/fishing licenses