Campaigns 1962-65 Flashcards Preview

History - Equality in the USA > Campaigns 1962-65 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Campaigns 1962-65 Deck (12)
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1
Q

Why Birmingham

A

Knew Bull Connor would react violently, worst cases of segregation, 10% registered to vote, no black civil servants, banned the NAACP.

2
Q

Goals for Birmingham

A

Organised by the SCLC, targetted segregation shopping areas, admin buildings, schools, public places.

3
Q

Birmingham Campaign

A

1963 - King arrested for marching. Month later, James Bevel SCLC, young people to join in, imprisoned 1300 children attacked/fire hosed children, media attention. John Kennedy, support for the bill to end segregation.

4
Q

Communists and Birmingham

A

Embarrassment for America, 1/5 of radio time dedicated to the protest in Soviet Union, American Corruption, soviet superiority.

5
Q

Significance of Birmingham

A

SCLC and the authorities negotiated desegregation terms. Protestors released, department store desegregated discrimination in employment ended. Greater sympathy for civil rights, Kennedy’s public commitment to civil rights bill

6
Q

Problems with Birmingham

A

Schools/public places not desegregated. 4 months later KKK bombed Sixteenth Street Baptist Church killing 4 young girls. King and SCLC condemned for using young children in danger.

7
Q

March On Washington

A

March On Washington, 1963 - NAACP, CORE, SNCC, SCLC organised a march, emancipation proclamation. 20% white, 250,000 people attended, Lincoln memorial.

8
Q

Significance of Washington

A

Significance of Washington, Significant white support in the march, media attention to the march. Solidified support for the civil rights legislation

9
Q

Mississippi Freedom Summer

A

Mississippi Freedom Summer, 1964 - CORE, SNCC, NAACP voter registration in Mississ…. 1962 6.2% could vote lowest. 800 volunteers, many white helped blacks to the vote. KKK and police resisted, 30 homes/37 churches firebombed 80 beatings 30 shootings.

10
Q

Significance of the Missi…

A

Breakdown in relationship with President Johnson, realisation that the political system was racist

11
Q

Selma Campaign

A

1965 - Ongoing campaign to register black people to vote. 1% could vote Sheriff likely to use violence. SNCC/SCLC involvement. March to Montgomery 1st attempt tear gas whips, 2nd stopped by King/President Johnson.

12
Q

Significance of Selma

A

Highlighted black registration to vote problems. Media attention was drawn increasing support. Cooperation between CORE, SNCC, SCLC. king stopped the march with Johnson, criticisms, extent to trust federal government.