Important Court Cases Flashcards Preview

History - Equality in the USA > Important Court Cases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Important Court Cases Deck (8)
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1
Q

Plessey v. Fergusen

A

1896 - Violated the American Constitution, Homer Plessey, 14th amendment, sat in white area of train. Separate but equal facilities.

2
Q

Smith v. Allwright

A

1944 - Texas, primary elections determined the congressional elections, black excluded from the primary elections. 15th amendment outlawed across America.

3
Q

Morgan v. Virginia

A

1946 - Inter state bus service, Irene Morgan fined $100 refusing to give up seat. Violated her constitutional rights, supreme court announced interstate segregation illegal

4
Q

Sweatt v. Painter

A

1950 - Heman Sweatt Texas Law, new law school rejected fewer teachers, book and students. Supreme court allowed the admission of Sweatt.

5
Q

Brown v. The board of Education of Topeka I

A

1954 - Forced to attend a black school 20 block, white school nearer. Supreme court announced segregation was illegal in American schools. Impossible for separate and equal.

6
Q

5 reason for Brown I

A
  • End Separate but equal
  • Rise in black middle class, understanding system, pressure
  • Poor quality for 60 years, resources wise integrate better
  • Earl Warren new Chief Judge more sympathetic to BCR
7
Q

Brown II

A

1954 - De Jure victory, no De Facto change. NAACP asked for a timetable, reply ‘all deliberate speed’ - too vague.

8
Q

Browder v. Gayle

A

1956 - Made the segregation of buses illegal