Capítulo 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Capítulo 3 Deck (182):
1

la acera

sidewalk

2

sidewalk

la acera

3

el adobe

adobe

4

adobe

el adobe

5

los azulejos

ceramic tiles

6

ceramic tiles

los azulejos

7

el cemento

the cement

8

the cement

el cemento

9

la cerca

the fence

10

the fence

la cerca

11

el césped

the grass
the lawn

12

the grass
the lawn

el césped

13

la cuadra

the city block

14

the city block

la cuadra

15

el estanque

the pond

16

the pond

el estanque

17

el ladrillo

the brick

18

the brick

el ladrillo

19

la madera

the wood

20

the wood

la madera

21

la manguera

the garden hose

22

the garden hose

la manguera

23

el muro

the wall (around a house)

24

the wall (around a house)

el muro

25

la piscina

the swimming pool

26

the swimming pool

la piscina

27

el yeso

the plaster

28

the plaster

el yeso

29

alquilar

to rent
to let
to hire

30

to rent
to let
to hire

alquilar

31

añadir

to add

32

to add

añadir

33

comparar con

to compare with

34

to compare with

comparar con

35

componer

to repair
to fix an object

36

to repair (2)
to fix an object (1)

reparar
componer

37

construir

to construct

38

to construct

construir

39

gastar

to spend
to wear out
to waste

40

to spend
to wear out
to waste

gastar

41

mudarse

to move

42

to move

mudarse

43

ponerse de acuerdo

to agree
to reach an agreement

44

to agree
to reach an agreement

ponerse de acuerdo

45

quemar

to burn

46

to burn

quemar

47

reparar

to repair

48

to repair (2)

reparar
componer

49

el alquiler

the rent

50

the rent

el alquiler

51

el/la arquitecto/a

the architect

52

the architect

el/la arquitecto/a

53

el/la carpintero/a

the carpenter

54

the carpenter

el/la carpintero/a

55

el/la contratista

the contractor

56

the contractor

el/la contratista

57

el/la diseñador/a

the designer

58

the designer

el/la diseñador/a

59

el/la dueño/a

the owner

60

the owner

el/la dueño/a

61

la factura (mensual)

the (monthly) bill

62

the (monthly) bill

la factura (mensual)

63

la hipoteca

the mortgage

64

the mortgage

la hipoteca

65

el/la obrero/a

the worker

66

the worker

el/la obrero/a

67

el préstamo

the loan

68

the loan

el préstamo

69

el presupuesto

the budget

70

the budget

el presupuesto

71

el aire acondicionado

the air conditioning

72

the air conditioning

el aire acondicionado

73

la chimenea

the fireplace
the chimney

74

the fireplace
the chimney

el chimenea

75

el cuarto

the room

76

the room

el cuarto

77

el fuego

the fire

78

the fire

el fuego

79

el hogar

the home

80

the home

el hogar

81

la lavadora

the washing machine

82

the washing machine

la lavadora

83

la secadora

the dryer

84

the dryer

la secadora

85

el pasillo

the hall

86

the hall

el pasillo

87

el sótano

the basement

88

the basement

el sótano

89

el florero

the vase

90

the vase

el florero

91

las velas

the candles

92

the candles

las velas

93

la alacena

the cupboard

94

the cupboard

la alacena

95

la cafetera

the coffeemaker

96

the coffeemaker

la cafetera

97

la batidora

the hand-held beater
the mixer
the blender

98

the hand-held beater
the mixer
the blender

la batidora

99

la cacerola

the saucepan

100

the saucepan

la cacerola

101

la copa

the goblet
the wine glass

102

the goblet
the wine glass

la copa

103

las cortinas

the curtains

104

the curtains

las cortinas

105

la despensa

the pantry

106

the pantry

la despensa

107

el fregadero

the kitchen sink

108

the kitchen sink

el fregadero

109

el horno

the oven

110

the oven

el horno

111

la jarra

the pitcher (for fluids)

112

the pitcher (for fluids)

la jarra

113

el mostrador

the countertop

114

the countertop

el mostrador

115

la olla

the pot

116

the pot

la olla

117

el platillo

the saucer

118

the saucer

el platillo

119

el plato hondo

the bowl

120

the bowl

el plato hondo

121

la sartén

the skillet
the frying pan

122

the skillet
the frying pan

la sartén

123

la sopera

the soup bowl

124

the soup bowl

la sopera

125

la toalla

the towel

126

the towel

la toalla

127

el espejo

the mirror

128

the mirror

el espejo

129

la funda (de almohada)

the pillowcase

130

the pillowcase

la funda (de almohada)

131

the pillow

la almohada

132

la almohada

the pillow

133

las persianas

the blinds

134

the blinds

las persianas

135

calentar

to heat

136

to heat

calentar

137

colgar

to hang

138

to hang

colgar

139

cortar el césped

to cut the grass

140

to cut the grass

cortar el césped

141

cubrir

to cover

142

to cover

cubrir

143

pintar

to paint

144

to paint

pintar

145

remodelar

to remodel

146

to remodel

remodelar

147

renovar

to renovate

148

to renovate

renovar

149

regar las flores

to water the flowers

150

to water the flowers

regar las flores

151

sacar la mala hierba

to weed

152

to weed

sacar la mala hierba

153

sugerir

to suggest

154

to suggest

sugerir

155

el/la electricista

the electrician

156

the electrician

el/la electricista

157

el/la jardinero/a

the gardener

158

the gardener

el/la jardinero/a

159

el/la plomero/a

the plumber

160

the plumber

el/la plomero/a

161

el/la vecino/a

the neighbor

162

the neighbor

el/la vecino/a

163

use of definite articles (10)

1. before abstract nouns
2. before parts of the body and articles of clothing when preceded by a reflexive verb or when it's clear who the possessor is.
3. before days of the week to mean "on"
4. before dates and times of day
5 before names of languages except when followed by de, en, or hablar
6. omitted after the verbs aprender, enseñer, entender, escribir, estudiar, leer, saber
7. before titles
8. omitted before San, Santa, don and doña when speaking about the person
9. used before San, Santa, don and doña when speaking to the person
10. before the names of La Habana, Los Ángeles, La Mancha, El Salvador

164

use of indefinite articles
omitted (4)
used (2)

Omitted
1. after hacerse (to become) and ser when followed by an unmodified noun referring to nationality, political affiliation, profession, or religion
2. before cien(to), cierto, medio, mil, otro (another) and tal (such)
3. after the prepositions con and sin
4. in negative sentences and after verbs like buscar, haber and tner when the numberical notation of un(o) or una is not important
Used
1. before numbers, unos and unas are used to indicate approximate amounts
2. before nouns that are modified

165

los alrededores

the surroundings

166

the surroundings

los alredadores

167

amplio

wide
broad

168

wide
broad

amplio

169

destacarse

to excel
to stand out

170

to excel
to stand out

destacarse

171

las metas

the goals

172

the goals

las metas

173

sobre todo

above all

174

above all

sobre todo

175

tener que ver con

has to do with

176

has to do with

tener que ver con

177

otro

other
another

178

other
another

otro

179

hacerse

to become

180

to become

hacerse

181

dondequiera

wherever

182

wherever

dondequiera