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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (15):
1

Give two functions of Carbs.

1-Energy storage
2-Structural

2

Energy storage for humans________ and for plants________.

glycogen (humans)
starch (plants)

3

Used to protect and support

Cell wall

4

Plant cell wall made from..

Cellulose

5

Carbs exist as ..(3)

Monosaccharides (1 subunit)
Oligosaccharides (several subunits)
Polysaccharides (many subunits)

6

What type of carbs is on lipid bilayer?

Oligosaccharides

7

What type of carbs is glucose?

Monosaccharide (single sugar, contains 6 carbons)

8

What type of carbs is on glycogen and cellulose?

Polysaccharides

9

It is used to obtain energy in mitochondria.

Glucose

10

2 monosaccharide's linked together by dehydration synthesis

Disaccharides

11

It is used for sugar transport or energy storage

Disaccharides

12

Give 3 examples of dissacharides.

-sucrose in plants
-lactose in animals
-maltose in grain (barley)

13

A few monosaccharides joined in a short chain

Oligosaccharides

14

The are found on cell surfaces acting as identification markers

Oligosaccharides

15

-long chains of sugars
-used for energy storage
-plants use starch; animals use glycogen
-used for structural support
-plants use cellulose; animals use chitin

Polysaccharides