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Flashcards in Cardio Deck (41):
1

Fetal cardiac output depends on

Heart rate

2

Strongest stimulus for constriction and closure of ductus

Postnatal increase in O2 saturation of the systemic circulation

3

Functional and anatomic closure of ductus arteriosus

10-15 hours
2-3 weeks

4

The dyspnea in TOF is due to this defect

Pulmonary stenosis

5

Systolic ejection murmur at 2nd ICS left
Widely split S2
Right sided enlargement

What congenital heart disease?

ASD

6

Systolic regurgitant murmur at LLSB
Loud and single S2
Left sided enlargement, biventricular hypertrophy if with Eisenmenger

VSD

7

Continuous machinery like murmur at 2nd left infraclavicular area
Bounding pulses
Wide pulse pressure
Left sided enlargement, enlarged aorta

PDA

8

What position should you put the child if he is having a hypoxic spell?

Knee chest

9

One method aside from 2D echo that can distinguish cyanotic heart disease from pulmonary disease

Hyperoxia test

10

Endocardial cushion defect is seen in what disorder

Down syndrome

11

Cyanosis manifesting within few hours after birth or few days of life

TGA

12

Cyanosis manifesting after the first year of life

TOF

13

Egg shaped cardiac silhouette

What congenital heart disease?

TGA

14

Lesion in coarctation of the aorta is usually seen where

Descending aorta

15

Hypertension in the upper extremities
Weak, delayed femoral pulses
Rib notching

Coarctation of the aorta

16

What genetic defect is usually associated with coarctation of the aorta?

Turner syndrome

17

Systolic ejection murmur at LUSB with radiation to the upper back

Pulmonic stenosis

18

Boot shaped heart

TOF

19

Snowman
Figure of 8 heart

PATVR

20

Inverted E
3 sign heart

Coarctation of aorta

21

Continuous murmur
Cyanosis on lower extremities

PDA

22

Child with exercise intolerance and easy fatigability

Late systolic murmur with opening click
Palpitations

MVP

23

Child with exercise intolerance and easy fatigability

Disparity in pulsation and BP in arms and legs
Weak popliteal, tibial, dorsalis pedis pulse

Coarctation

24

Child with exercise intolerance and easy fatigability

Widely split S2 and fixed in all phases of respiration

ASD

25

Child with exercise intolerance and easy fatigability

Loud harsh blowing holosystolic murmur

VSD

26

Child with exercise intolerance and easy fatigability

Wide pulse pressure
Bounding peripheral arterial pulse
Continuous murmur

PDA

27

Heart defect associated with rubella

PDA

28

Heart defect associated with DM

TGA

29

Heart defect associated with lupus

Complere heart block

30

Heart defect associated with aspirin

Persistent pulmonary HTN

31

Heart defect associated with alcohol intake

VSD, pulmo stenosis

32

Heart defect associated with lithium

Ebstein anomaly

33

Most consistent feature of acute rheumatic fever

Valvulitis

34

Nonpruritic serpiginous or annular erythematous evanescent rashes most prominent on the trunk and inner proximal portions of the extremities

Erythema marginatum

35

Duration of Antibiotic prophylaxis for RF without carditis

5 years or until 21 years old

36

Duration of Antibiotic prophylaxis for RF with carditis but without valvular disease

10 years or until 21 years old

37

Duration of Antibiotic prophylaxis for RF with carditis and valvular disease

10 years or until 40 years old sometimes lifetime

38

Major criteria for diagnosis of infective endocarditis

Positive blood culture
Echocardiographic finding

39

Tender pea sized intradermal nodules in the finger pads seen in IE

Osler nodes

40

Painless small erythematous hemorrhagic lesions on the palms and soles

Seen in IE

Janeway lesions

41

Linear lesions beneath the nails seen in IE

Splinter hemorrhages