Nutrition Flashcards Preview

Pedia > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (40):
1

Colostrum is produced over how many days of lactation

First 2 days

2

Whey to casein ration in mature human milk

3:2

3

Type of breastmilk that is watery and high in lactose and protein

Foremilk

4

Type of breastmilk that is high in fat and creamy

Hind milk

5

Mature milk can be seen during what day of lactation?

10-14 days

6

Breast milk has more compared to human milk except

KID

Vitamin K
Iron
Vitamin D

7

Definitive test for GERD

Esophageal pH probe

8

GERD in infants peaks at what age and mostly resolve by what age

4 mos peak
Resolve by 12 months

9

Management for intractable GERD

Fundoplication

10

This micronutrient deficiency presents as vesiculobullous, eczematous, dry scaly or psoriasiform ledions in the perioral and perianal areas

Chronic diarrhea,stomatitis, glossitis, acrodermatitis enterohepatica

Zinc

11

This micronutrient deficiency present as generalized scaly dermatitis, alopecia and thrombocytopenia

Essential fatty acids

12

This micronutrient deficiency presents as alopecia with neurological symptoms

Biotin

13

These vitamin deficiency may both present as follicular hyperkeratosis

Vitamin A and C

14

Oval or triangular spot of keratinized epithelium in the conjunctiva in Vitamin A deficiency

Bitot spot

15

This content of this vitamin in human milk depends on maternal sources

Vitamin D

16

Disease of growing bones which occur in children only before fusion of epiphysis

Rickets

17

Seen in rickets, widening of the costochondral junction

Rachitic rosary

18

Seen in rickets, softening of the cranial bones

Craniotabes

19

Seen in rickets, horizontal depression along the anterior chest due to pulling of the softened ribs by the diaphragm during inspiration

Harrison groove

20

Seen in rickets, valgus deformity of 1 leg with varus deformity of the other leg

Windswept deformity

21

This type of VKDB is seen during 1-14 days of age due to decreased stores at birth, poor transfer of vitamin K across placenta

Early VKDB

22

This type of VKDB occurs at birth due to maternal medications like warfarin, phenobarbital and phenytoin

Third VKDB

23

Seen in scurvy, costochondral junction and depression of the sternum

Scorbutic rosary

24

Vitamin deficiency:
Bowlegs or knock knees
Caput quadratum, periostisl osteoid
Craniotabes
Ping pong ball sensation
Rachitic rosary, pigeon chest
Harrison groove

Vitamin D

25

Vitamin deficiency:
White line on end of shafts
Scorbutic rosary

Vitamin C

26

Vitamin deficiency:
Pellagra
Casal necklace
Glove and boot lesions

Niacin

27

Vitamin deficiency:
Perieche- angular cheilosis

B2

28

Vitamin deficiency:
Bitot spot
Xerosis conjunctivae
Hyperostosis
Absence of metaphyseal changes

Vitamin A

29

Deficiency in this trace element is associated with skin ulcers, reduced immunity and hypogonadal dwarfism

Zinc

30

Irritability, pruritus, painful extremities with brawny swelling, coarse hair, dry skin, seborrhea and increased intracranial pressure occurs in this hypervitaminosis

A

31

Most common vitamin deficiency associated with a corn based diet

Niacin

32

In children with malnutrition, the most seriously compromised immunologic function is

Antibody production

33

Greatest risk of undernutrition occurs during

The 1st 1000 days (0-24 months)

34

Term for compensation in severe acute malnutrition

Reductive adaptation

35

Diagnosis of severe acute malnutrition can be done when weight for length is below -3SD or for children 6-59 months if the midupper arm circumference is

<115 mm

36

Hallmark of refeeding syndrome

Hypophosphatemia

37

Obesity occurs most frequently in these ages

1 year old
5-6 years old
Adolescence

38

Rare complication of extreme exogenous obesity in which patients have severe cardio respiratory distress, polycythemia, hypoxemia, cyanosis, CHF, somnolence

Pickwickian syndrome

39

Pickwickian syndrome is usually seen in what genetic disease?

Prader Willi

40

Goal of treatment in obesity

Weight maintenance

Weight loss for skeletally mature