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Flashcards in Infectious Deck (56):
1

Red eye in neonates

Red eye with purulent discharge, tense edema of eyelids with marked chemosis

Causative agent and treatment?

N gonorrhea
Ceftriaxone 50mg/kg 1 dose

2

Red eye in neonates

Mild to severe swelling of eyelids with copious purulent discharge

Causative agent and treatment

Chlamydia trachomatis
Erythromycin

3

Red eye in neonates

Edema and erythema of eyelids
Purulent discharge
Pannus formation, endophthalmitis

Causative agent and treatment?

Pseudomonas
Gentamicin eye ointment
Systemic antibiotics

4

Red itchy eyes
Thin exudate
Pain and photophobia
+/- Cough and colds

Adenovirus

5

Older children
Red eyes with presence of pus

Staph

6

Red eyes with pus
Inclusion bodies in scraping
Inturned eyelashes
Corneal scarring
Blindness

Chlamydia

7

Bilateral eye lid swelling
Eosinophils
Muscle pain
History of GIT infection

Trichinella

8

Unilateral inflammation at bite site around eye or mouth
History of travel to mexico or South America

Trypanosoma

9

All cestoded are treated with praziquantel except

Echinococcus - albendazole

10

Treatment for trichuris

Mebendazole

11

Treatment for enterobius

Pyrantel pamoate

12

Treatment for strongyloides

Ivermectin

13

Treatment for trichinella

Thiabendazole

14

Treatment for wuchurerianand brugia

DEC

15

Treatment for recurrent carbunculosis to eradicate nasopharyngeal carriage of staphylococcus aureus

Mupirocin

16

Cutaneous lesions from mosquito bite and child keeps on scratching

Multiple, dry heaped up tightly adherent crusts

Ecthyma

17

Cutaneous lesions from mosquito bite and child keeps on scratching

Initially vesicular, honey crusted lesion
Catalase negative
No systemic symptoms

Impetigo
GABHS

18

To prevent disease in those siblings exposed to varicella, live vaccine is given within how many days?

3-5

19

Inflamed erythematous skin, tender and warm

Red, raised, butterfly rash in appearance with pain and rapid spreading

Erysipelas

20

Cutaneous lesions from mosquito bite and child keeps on scratching

Following contact with saltwater or oysters

Vibrio

21

Cutaneous lesions from mosquito bite and child keeps on scratching

Burn patient
Blue green pus
Grape like odor

Pseudomonas

22

Solitary or lymphocutaneous lesions
Rose gardener or likes lying in the garden

Sporothrix schenckii

23

Lymphatic obstruction with painless genital ulcer

Chlamydia
Lymphogranuloma venereum

24

Granulomatous lesions with draining sinus tracts
Jaw area swelling
Yellow exudate
Dental caries

Actinomyces

25

Granulomatous lesions with draining sinus tracts

Tropical fish enthusiasts

Mycobacterium marinum

26

Granulomatous lesions with draining sinus tracts

Subcutaneous swelling of shoulder
Sinus tract formation
Granules

Nocardia

27

Malignant pustule
To dark red fluid filled
Necrosis to black eschar

Anthrax

28

Target or Bull's eye lesion
Fever headache

Borrelia burgdorferi

29

History of animal bite
Cellulitis with lymphadenitis

Pasteurella

30

History of cat bite or scratches
Lymphadenopathy with stellate granulomas

Bartonella

31

History of shallow puncture wound through tsinelas or rubber shoes

Pseudomonas

32

Pharyngoconjunctival fever most commonly caused by

Adenovirus

33

Treatment for diphtheria

Penicillin G

34

Sore throat
White papules with red base on posterior palate and pharynx

Herpangina
Coxsackie A

35

Finely papular erythematous eruption producing a bright red discoloration of the skin, blanches on pressure, more intense along the creases of the elbow, axilla and groin

Skin has goose pimple appearance and feels rough

After 4 days, rash fades and desquamates

Scarlet fever
GAHBS

36

Infectious arthritis following GIT infection

Reiters disease

37

Petechiae to purpuric lesions

Generalized abrupt onset with fever, chills, prostration and shock

Meningococcemia

38

Petechiae to purpuric lesions

Fever headache and rash that includes palms and soles

Rocky mountain spotted fever

Rickettsia ricketsii

39

Petechiae to purpuric lesions

Fever headache and rash that spares the palms and soles

Rickettsia prowazekii

40

Diffuse erythematous macular sunburn rash

Trunk, neck and extremities with desquamation on palms and soles
Acute onset of fever, pharyngitis
Diarrhea
Hypotension

Toxic shock syndrome

41

Roseola causative agent

HHV 6

42

Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis
Fever

Measles

43

Rashes
Posterior cervical, cervical or auricular nodes

German measles

44

Slapped cheek then spread to trunk with central clearing

Erythema infectiosum

45

Abrupt onset fever with URTI
Fever disappears
Onset of rash on trunk and spread

Roseola

46

Rapid onset of fever
Myalgia
Ocular pain
Hyperesthesia
Rash blanches on pressure

Dengue

47

Intervention to decreased mortality of measles

Vitamin A supplementation

48

For children more than 1 year old, post exposure prophylaxis can be given through measles vaccine

How many hours post exposure can it be administered?

Within 72 hours

49

Cowdry type A inclusion bodies

HSV

50

Councilman bodies

Viral Hepatitis

51

Warthin Finkeldey cells

Measles

52

Koplik spots

Rubeola

53

Forchheimer spots

Rubella

54

Nagayama spots

Roseola

55

Period of communicability of mumps

1-2 days before onset of swelling until 5 days after

56

Treatment for leptospirosis

Penicillin or tetracycline