Pulmo Flashcards Preview

Pedia > Pulmo > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmo Deck (53):
1

Principal agent that causes common colds

Rhinovirus

2

Xray finding in epiglottitis

Thumb sign

3

Subglottic narrowing in LTB is seen in xray as

Steeple sign

4

Ragged air column sign is seen in

Tracheitis

5

Most common foreign body obtained in children?

Nuts

6

Sore, scratchy throat, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea

Unilateral foul smelling discharge, bloody nasal secretion

Foreign body

7

Sore, scratchy throat, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea

Headache facial pain, periorbital edema, rhinorrhea x 2 weeks

Sinusitis

8

Sore, scratchy throat, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea

Persistent rhinorrhea within the 1st 3 months of life

Syphilis

9

Sore, scratchy throat, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea

History of prolonged use of decongestant

Rhinitis medicamentosa

10

Sore, scratchy throat, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea

Paroxysms of cough leaving the baby breathless
Subconjunctival hemorrhage

Pertussis

11

Treatment for sinusitis

Co-Amoxiclav x 14 days

12

What are the sinuses present at birth?

ME at birth

Maxillary
Ethmoid

13

What sinuses are pneumatized at 4 years old

Sphenoid

14

What sinuses develop at 7-8 years old?

Frontal

15

Treatment for pertussis

Erythromycin
Clarithromycin

16

Pertussis is most infectious during what stage?

Catarrhal

17

Most common complication of acute nasopharyngitis

Otitis media

18

Tonsillectomy should be considered if the occurrence of strep pharyngitis is how often?

More than 7 episodes in the previous year

More than 5 in each of the preceding 2 years

19

Foreign bidy will usually lodge on what side of the lung?

Right upper lung

20

Treatment for LTB

Racemic epinephrine

21

Management for bronchiolitis

Nebulized albuterol and oxygen

22

Patient presents with wheezes heard loudest over the trachea, wheezing never seems to go away

Dx?

Chondromalacia

23

Pneumonia causative agent?
Patient with fever, cough and tachycardia

Poorly nourished
Unvaccinated with rashes all over the body

Measles

24

Pneumonia causative agent?
Patient with fever, cough and tachycardia

Has cystic fibrosis
CGD
Burn parient
Neutropenic

Pseudomonas

25

Pneumonia causative agent?
Patient with fever, cough and tachycardia

Teen/young adult
Initial cough nin productive

Mycoplasma

26

Pneumonia causative agent?
Patient with fever, cough and tachycardia

Patient has own aviarum at home/exposure to birds

Psittacosis

27

Pneumonia causative agent?
Patient with fever, cough and tachycardia

History of eye discharge during 5-14 days of neonatal period

Chlamydia

28

Causative agent?

Extensive areas of hemorrhagic necrosis
Irregular areas of cavitation
Pneumatocele, empyema

Staphylococcus

29

Causative agent?

Diffuse infection with interstitial pneumonia
Formation of large amounts of exudates edema and local hemorrhage
Involvement of lymphatic vessels

GAHBS

30

Causative agent?

Local edema that aids in the proliferation of organisms and spread into adjacent areas resulting in focal lobar involvement

Pneumococcus

31

Causative agent? Child with cough, colds, fever, wheezing, stridor

Lobar consolidation

Pneumococcus

32

Causative agent? Child with cough, colds, fever, wheezing, stridor

Hyperinflation with bilateral interstitial infiltrates and peribronchial cuffing

RSV

33

Causative agent? Child with cough, colds, fever, wheezing, stridor

Prominent areas of cavitations and multiple pneumatoceles

Staphylococcus

34

Causative agent? Child with cough, colds, fever, wheezing, stridor

Right sided hilar adenopathy

TB

35

Staccato cough

Chlamydia

36

Brassy cough

Tracheitis

37

Common cause of tracheitis

Staphylococcus aureus

38

Barking cough
Worse at night
Other family members are ill
Inflamed pharynx
Stridor

Croup

39

Cough most severe in the morning

Cystic fibrosis

40

High fever
Sore throat, dyspnea, rapidly progressing obstruction
Drooling and hyperextended neck
Tripod position
Cherry red epiglottis
No family member is ill

Epiglottitis

41

Management for epiglottitis

Ceftriaxone

42

Primary site of obstruction in acute laryngitis

Subglottic area

43

In most children, the only evidence of primary tuberculosis is

Recent conversion of PPD to positive

44

How many hours will the tuberculin sensitivity develop after injection?

72 hours

45

Most common extra pulmonary site for TB

Scrofula

46

Most consistent clinical manifestation of pneumonia in children?

Tachypnea

47

Common cause of pneumonia in 0-28 days

GBS

48

Common cause of pneumonia in 3 weeks-3 months old

RSV
Parainfluenza
Chlamydia

49

Common cause of pneumonia in 4mos-4 years old

S. pneumoniae

50

Treatment for PCAP C

Complete vaccination- Pen G
Incompleteness vaccination- Ampicillin

51

Treatment for chlamydia and mycoplasma pneumonia

Erythromycin

52

Adolescents
Sore throat, dysphagia, trismus
Asymmetric tonsillar bulge with displaced uvula

Peritonsillar abscess

53

3-4 years old
Drooling, neck held in hyperextension, bulging of the posterior pharyngeal wall
Neck pain, muffled voice

Retropharyngeal abscess