Cardiomyopathies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiomyopathies Deck (17):
1

group of diseases of VARYING ETIOLOGIES ; main feature is MYOCARDIAL INVOLVEMENT

cardiomyopathy

2

disorder of myocardial muscle resulting in DILATION AND WEAKENING OF LEFT VENTRICLE

dilated cardiomyopathy

3

disorders of myocardial muscle resulting in HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION AND ARRYTHMIAS

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

4

group of disorders resulting in EXCESSIVE MYOCARDIAL STIFFENING with resultant ventricular dysfunction

Restrictive cardiomyopathy

5

what is the most known reason for ischemic cardiomyopathy in the US?

angina or previous MI

6

what is the most common cause of RV failure?

LV failure

7

MALES 30 TO 60 year old with heavy alcohol use > 10 years

Alcoholic Dilated Cardiomyopathy

8

most common type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

HYPERTROPHIC NON-OBSTRUCTIVE

9

what is one of the key findings with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

bifid LV impulse

10

which type of cardiomyopathy is common in Africa?

restrictive

11

which cardiomyopathy: DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION BECAUSE OF SCARRING OR INFILTRATION

restrictive

12

Fatigue, weakness; Dyspnea Pallor, Pale; tachycardia usually; Cardiac apex displaced left and down; Apical lift/thrill; S1/S2 generally normal; S3 UNIVERSALLY PRESENT

LV failure

13

Dyspnea IMPROVES AS RV FAILS; Anorexia; Early satiety, abd fullness; Pallor; Tachycardia; Elevated JVP; Pulsus alternans; Peripheral edema; Evidence of poor nutrition is cardiac cachexia

RV failure

14

what are the tx of choice for dialted cardiomyopathy?

ACE inhibs

15

which type: Symptoms: Young onset, Sudden death, Dyspnea, Angina pectoris, Fatigue, syncope common

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

16

which type: Signs: Slightly displaced BIFID LV PULSE; Bisferiens carotid pulse; S4 VERY COMMON; Systolic murmur of variable qualities

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

17

how to tx hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

(1) Reduce physical activity
(2) Pharmacologic (Beta blockers)
(3) Myotomy/myectomy