Flashcards in Cardiomyopathies Deck (17):
group of diseases of VARYING ETIOLOGIES ; main feature is MYOCARDIAL INVOLVEMENT
disorder of myocardial muscle resulting in DILATION AND WEAKENING OF LEFT VENTRICLE
disorders of myocardial muscle resulting in HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION AND ARRYTHMIAS
group of disorders resulting in EXCESSIVE MYOCARDIAL STIFFENING with resultant ventricular dysfunction
what is the most known reason for ischemic cardiomyopathy in the US?
angina or previous MI
what is the most common cause of RV failure?
MALES 30 TO 60 year old with heavy alcohol use > 10 years
Alcoholic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
most common type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
what is one of the key findings with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
bifid LV impulse
which type of cardiomyopathy is common in Africa?
which cardiomyopathy: DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION BECAUSE OF SCARRING OR INFILTRATION
Fatigue, weakness; Dyspnea Pallor, Pale; tachycardia usually; Cardiac apex displaced left and down; Apical lift/thrill; S1/S2 generally normal; S3 UNIVERSALLY PRESENT
Dyspnea IMPROVES AS RV FAILS; Anorexia; Early satiety, abd fullness; Pallor; Tachycardia; Elevated JVP; Pulsus alternans; Peripheral edema; Evidence of poor nutrition is cardiac cachexia
what are the tx of choice for dialted cardiomyopathy?
which type: Symptoms: Young onset, Sudden death, Dyspnea, Angina pectoris, Fatigue, syncope common
which type: Signs: Slightly displaced BIFID LV PULSE; Bisferiens carotid pulse; S4 VERY COMMON; Systolic murmur of variable qualities