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Flashcards in aortic valve disease Deck (15):
1

what is the most common cause of valvular aortic regurg?

congenital bicuspid valve

2

what is the most common cause of root aortic regurg

root dilation or injury (50% of pure AR cases)

3

cor bovinum?

marked LV hypertrophy

4

 WIDE PULSE PRESSURE
 LV APEX DIFFUSE, HYPERDYNAMIC, DISPLACED LEFT AND DOWNWARD
 S3 COMMON WITH LV DYSFUNCTION

aortic regurg

5

the ______the murmur, the worse the reregurg

longer

6

can you use cardiac stress test to dx aortic stenosis?

it's contraindicated

7

pharmacologic tx for aortic regurg

ace inhibs

8

why use ace inhibs for aortic regurg?

reduce afterload, improve LV ejection

9

most common cause of aortic stenosis under 75 yo

CONGENITAL BICUSPID VALVE

10

most common cause of aortic stenosis > 75 yo

degenerative

11

which valve disease?
 PULSUS PARVUS ET TARDUS: ARTERIAL PULSES ARE SMALL AND LATE
 Apical impulse left and downward
 Murmur: SYSTOLIC EJECTION MURMUR

aortic stenosis

12

murmur sound: • DIASTOLIC, DECRESCENDO, BLOWING OR MUSICAL in the 2ND RICS

aortic regurg

13

Murmur: SYSTOLIC EJECTION MURMUR

aortic stenosis

14

how to tx aortic stenosis?

valve replacement when symptomatic

15

how o tx aortic stenosis with pharmacotx?

DON'T --makes it worse