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Flashcards in diseases of the aorta Deck (19):
1

risk of AAA rupture?

the bigger the aneurysm diameter, the greater the risk of rupture

2

what is the Class Triad for AAA rupture

Pain, hypotension, pulsatile abdominal mass

3

what is the gold standard for dx of AAA?

ultrasound

4

tx of AAA other than smoking cessatino?

slow down BP, keep dP/Dt shear stress as low as possible

5

when to do surgery on AAA

males: > 5.5 cm diameter, females >5 cm diameter

6

when to monitor AAA with imaging every 6-12 months

4-5.4 cm

7

who to do AAA screen on?MALES WHO HAVE EVER SMOKED AGES 65 TO 75 YEARS

MALES WHO HAVE EVER SMOKED AGES 65 TO 75 YEARS

8

what part of thoracic aorta is most likely for aneurysm?

ascending aorta > aortic arch >descending aorta

9

recommedned size for thoracic aortic repair in asymp patients

>5.5 cm or growth >0.5 cm/yr

10

when is there a huge risk of rupture for thoracic aorta rupture?

5.8-6

11

classification of aortic dissection: involves ascending & descending aorta

class 1

12

classification of aortic dissection: involves ascending aorta

class 2

13

classification of aortic dissection: involves descending aorta

class 3

14

which classificiation has the worst prognosis?

class 1 & 2 (because involve the ascending aorta)

15

what is the most important sx assc'd with acute aortic dissection?

severe tearing chest pain

16

what type of meds are recommended in acute aortic dissection

beta blockers

17

when is surgery recommended for type A aortic dissection?

all patients

18

when is surgery recommended for type B aortic dissection?

with complications - ie. rupture, extension, rapid aneurysm extension, malperfusion syndrome, marfan syndrome

19

recommended f/u for acute aortic dissection patients

1, 3, 6, and 12 month imaging of the entire aorta follow up