cardiovascular anatomy (Chiro essentials pg20-28) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in cardiovascular anatomy (Chiro essentials pg20-28) Deck (91):
1

What embrological layer does the heart develop from

Mesoderm

2

What week of development does the heart start to form

3rd week

3

in what week of development does the heart start to form a primary septum and divide the atrial dilations

5th week

4

What forms the primative heart

The endocardial tubes fusing together

5

What are the 3 dilations of the primative heart

Atrial
Ventricular
bulbus cordis

6

what shunts fetal blood from the left pulmonary artery to the arch of the aorta

Ductus arteriosus

7

What closes the Ductus arteriosus

Ligamentum arteriosum

8

What is the mos common congenital heart disease

ventricular septal defect

9

What is the most common ostium secendum defect

atrial septal defect

10

what is the most common congenital cyanotic disease

tetrology of fellot

11

what congenital heart defects are acyanotic (shunt left to right)

Atrial septal defect
Ventricular septal defect
persistent Ductus arteriosus

12

What is caused when the ductuss arteriosus fails to close after birth

Persistent ductus arteriosus

13

what are the two origins of the right atrium

Sinus venosus
True atrium

14

What is the rought part of the right atrium derived from

True Pectinate

15

What is the smooth part of the right atrium derived from

Sinus venosus

16

What seperates the smooth from the rough part of the right atrium

Crista terminalis

17

What part of the right atrium is remenant of the septum secondum

The limbus

18

What percent of myocadrial venus blood drains into the heart via the coronary sinus

60-70%

19

How many pulmonary veins are there

4

20

What structure in the right ventricle carries a major part of the right bundle branch

Septomarginal branch (moderator band)

21

Where can you auscaltate the aortic valve

2nd right intercostal space

22

Where can you auscaltate the pulmonary valve

2nd left intercostal space

23

Where can you auscaltate the Tricuspid valve

4th left intercostal space

24

Where can you auscaltate the mitral valve

5th left intercostal space 7-9cm from midsternal line

25

What heart valve connects right atrium with right ventrical

Tricuspid valve

26

What heart valve connects right ventrical with the pulmonary trunk

Pulmonary valve

27

What heart valves connects left atrium with left ventrical

Mitral valve

28

What hear valve connects the left ventrical with the aortic artery

Aortic vavles

29

What connects the heart valves to papillary valves

Chorda tnedinae

30

What are the branches of the right coronary artery

Sinu-atrial
Right marginal
posterior interventricular
atrioventricular

31

where does the right coronary artery originate from

Right coronary sinus

32

Where does the left coronary arter originate from

left coronary sinus

33

What are the branches of the left coronary

Circumflex
Anterior interventricular
Left marginal

34

Which coronary artery supplies the AV and SA node

right coronary

35

what drains coronary blood

Coronary sinus
Anterior cardiac vein
Cenae cordis minimi

36

Where is the SA node located

upper right atrium

37

Where is the AV node located

posterioinferior part of interatrial septum

38

what are the special conduction fibers within the mycardial tissue

Purkinje fibers

39

What innervates the SA node

Cardiac plexus

40

What vertebral level gives sympathetic fibers to the cardiac plexus

T1-T5

41

What nerve gives parasympathetic fibers to the cardiac plexus

CN X

42

What part of the Cardiac plexus receives fibers from the superfical cervical ganglion and the inferior cardiac branch of the vagus

The superficial portion

43

What part of tthe cervical plexus receives fibers from:
Superior, middle, inferior cervical sympathetics
Superior, inferior cardiac branches of vagus
Recurrent laryngeal nerve from vagus

Deep portion

44

What are the branches the come off of the arch of the aorta

Brachiocephalic trunk
Left common carotid
Left subclavian

45

what are the branches of the descending thoracic artery

3-11 posterior intercostals
Bronchial artery
Esophageal artery

46

What are the 4 paried visceral arteries of the abdominal aorta

Inferior phrenic
Middle adrenal
Renal
Gonadal

47

What are the 4 paired parietal branches of the abdominal aorta

1-4 lumbar arteries

48

What are the 4 unpaired visceral arteries of the abdominal aorta

Celiac trunk
Superior mesenteric
Inferior mesenteric
Median saccral

49

At what vertebral level does the abdominal aorta bifurcates

L4

50

What does the abdominal aortal bifurcate into

Common iliac arteries
Internal and external iliac arteries

51

What are the two divisions of the internal iliac artery

Anterior and posterior

52

What are the branches of the anterior internal iliac artery

Superior Vesical
Inferial vesical
Middle rectal
Obturator
Inferior gluteal
internal pudendal
Uterine + Vaginal (Females)

53

What are the branches of the posteior iliac artery

iliolumbar
Lateral sacral
Superior gluteal

54

What are the 3 branches of the external iliac artery

Cremasteric artery (males)
Inferior epigastric artery
Deep circumflex artery

55

What does the external iliac artery turn into when i crosses the inguinal ligament

Femoral artery

56

What are the branches of the femoral artery

Superficial external pudendal
Deep external pudendal
Superficial circumflex
Deep femoral

57

What does the femoral artery become when it passes through he adductor canal

Popliteal arteyr

58

What does the popliteal artery bifurcate into

Posterior tibial artery
Anterior tibial artery

59

Does the posterior tibial artery pass behind or infront of the medial malleolus

Behind

60

When the posterior tibial artery passes behind the medial malleolus What does it divide into

Medial plantar artery
Lateral plantar artery

61

What does the anterior tibail artery turn into when it continues on the foot

Dorsal pedis artery

62

What branch of the dorsal pedis artery supplies the dorsum of the foot

Arcuate artery

63

What branch of the posterior tibial artery joins up with the dorsal pedis artery

Lateral plantar branch

64

What is formed by the connection of the laterla plantar artery and the dorsal pedis artery

Plantar arch

65

What does the right subclavian artery branch off of

The brachiocephalic trunk

66

What are the branches of the subclavian artery

Internal thoracic
Vertebral
Thyocervical trunk
Costocervical trunk

67

What are the branches of the Thyocervical Tunk (S.I.T)

Supracervical trunk

68

What are the branches of the costocervical trunk

Superior intercostal
deep cervical

69

When does the subclavian artery turn into the axillary artery

The outer boarder of the first rib

70

What are the branches of the subclavian artery

1st = superior thoracic
2nd = Thoraco-acromial + Lateral thoracic
3rd = Subscapular, posterior, anterior circumflex

71

When does the axillary artery turn into the brachial artery

Lower border of the teres minor

72

Where does the brachial artery teminate

Cubital fossa at the neck of the radius

73

What does the brachial artery bifurcate into

radial and ulnar artery

74

What are the branches of the radial artery (RCMP)

Radial recurrent
Carpal
Muscular
superfical Palmar branches

75

What are the branches of the ulnar artery

Anterior + posterior collateral
Common interosseous
muscular
anterior + posterior carpal
Deep palmer

76

What is the superficial palmer arch a continuation of

The ulnar artery

77

What is the deep palmer arch a continuation of

The Radial artery

78

What artery supplies the fingers

Common palmer digital arteries

79

What is the common palmer digital arteries derived from

Palmer arches

80

What artery does the axillary never accompany

Posterior circumflex artery

81

What does the brachial artery accomparny

Median nerve

82

What does the superior ulnar collateral artery accompany

Ulnar nerve behind the medial epicondyle

83

What does the ular artery accompany

Ulnar nerve

84

What does the median nerve accompany

Anterior interosseous nerve

85

What does the superficial radial nerve accompany

Radial artery

86

What does the posterior interosseous nerve accompany

Posterior interosseous branch of the radial nerve

87

What does the femoral nerve accompany

Femoral artery in upper thigh

88

What does the saphenous nerve accompany

Femoral artery in mid-thigh

89

What does the popliteal artery accomany

tibial nerve

90

What does the posterior tibail nerve accompany

Posterior tibial artery

91

What does the anteior tibal artery accompany

Deep peroneal nerve