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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (88):
1

What bacteria causes abscess formation on skin

Staph aureus (most common)
Staph epidermidis (can but not likely)

2

What is the most prominent bacteria found on skin

Staph epidermidis

3

What bacteria causes hot tub folliculitis

Pseudomonam aeruginosa

4

What bacteria causes Staphylococcal Scalded Skin syndrome

Staph Aureus

5

What bacteria causes Impetigo (pyoderma)

Staph aureus (most likely)
staphy pyogens

6

What bacteria causes Erysipelas (red rash with raised boarder)

Staph pyogens

7

What bacteria is known as the Flesh eating bacteria, causes necrosis along fascia (necrotizing facitis)

Staph pyogens

8

What bacteria causes Acne

Propinoibacterium acnes

9

What bacteria causes cat scratch fever

Bartonella henselae

10

What bacteria causes pseudomonas infection (pyocyanin pigment)

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

11

What bacteria causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever (non itichy rash)

Rickettsia ricketsii

12

What is the vector for Rock Mountain Spotted fever (Rickettisa ricketsii)

Hard Tick

13

What causes Cutaneous Anthrax (black, crusty ulcer aka eschar)

Bacillus anthracis

14

What bacteria causes Gas Gangrene (foul-smelling; gas bubbles on skin)

Clostridium perfringens

15

What virus causes Pox lesions and is the only virus to be erradicated world wide

Small pox (Variola virus)

16

What virus causes pearl-like, waxy papules (Molluscum Contagiosum)

Molluscum Contagiosum virus

17

What virus causes pox lesions and is an emmerging disease

Monkey pox

18

What virus produces blisters on the face and moutn

HHV-1 (herpes labialis)

19

Where does oral HHV-1 stay latent

Trigeminal ganglion

20

What virus + condition produces blisters on the fingers

HHV-1 (herpetic whitlow)

21

Where does HHV-1 stay latent in herpetic whitlow

Brachial ganglion

22

What form of HHV-1 is common in contact sports

Herbes gladiatorum

23

What causes the Chicken pox (itichy, fluid filled blisters)

HHV-3 (varicella-zoster)

24

What does HHV-3 (Varicella-Zoster) cause when it reemerges following a Chicken pox infection

Shingles

25

Benign epithelial growth caused by HPV. What is the common way it spreads

Warts

Spreads through Autoinnoculation mainly

26

What virus produces koplik sports

Measles virus (rubeola)

27

What virus causes German measles (produces red/pink rash)

Rubella virus

28

What can rubella (german measles) cause in pregnant women

Congenital Rubella syndrome

29

What virus produces a reddening of skin that resembles a slap (Erythema infectiosum) "slapped Cheek" syndrome

Parvovirus B19

30

Once the rash appears in someone who has Parvovirus B19, are they still infectious

No

31

What virus produces Roseola (rose coloured rash)

HHV-6 (roseolavirus)

32

What causes Black piedra (hard black nodules on hair shaft)

Piedraia hortae

33

What causes white piedra (soft, grey nodules on hair shaft)

Trichosporon beiglii

34

What causes pityriasis versicolor (hypo-hyperpigmented patches of scaly skin)

Malassezia furfur

35

What causes Dermatophytoses (ring worm)

Epidermophyton
Microsporum
Trichophyton

36

Dermatophytosis of the scalp

Tinea Capitis

37

Dermatophytosis of the foot

Tinea pedis (athletes foot)

38

Dermatophytosis of the groin

tinea cruis (jock itich)

39

Dermatophytosis of the trunk

Tinea corporis

40

Dermatophytosis of the nails

Tinea unguium

41

What causes Sporotrichosis (rose-gardeners disease)

Sporothrix Schenckii

42

What is the vector for Leishmaniasis

Sand fly

43

What type of leshmaniasis produces large painless skin lesions

Cutaneous

44

What type of leshmaniasis produces skin lesions that encompass the mucous membranes

Mucocutaneous

45

What type of leshmaniasis is spread via macrophages

VIsceral

46

Disease where a mite burrows/tunnels under the skin, causes intense itiching

Scabies (sarcoptes scabiei)

47

What bacteria is most likely to cause meningitis in college students, or cause a purple spotted rash

Nesseria meningitidis

48

What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in adults

Steptococcus pneumoniae

49

What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children

Haemophilus influenza b

50

What is the most common cause of meningitis in the elderly, babies and pregnant women

Listeria monocytogenes

51

What is the most common cause for bacterial meningitis in premature babies

Streptococcus agalactiae

52

What causes Hansen's disease (leprosy)

Mycobacterium leprae

53

What form of leprosy is in those with a strong immune system

Tuberculoid leprosy

54

What form of leprosy is in those with a weak immune system

Lepromatous leprosy

55

What bacteria is the cause of floppy baby syndrome (flaccid paralysis)

Clostridium botulinum

56

What bacteria causes Tetanus (jockjaw)

Clostridium tetani

57

What is the most common reason for neonatal tetanus

Infected umbilical stump

58

What bacteria is associated with Risus sardonicus (smiling spasm)

Clostridium tetani (tetanus)

59

What is the most common cause of viral meningitis

Echovirus

60

What percent of polio cases are asymptomatic and what percent progress into bulbar polio

90% asymptomatic
1% bulbar polio

61

What virus is a classical zoonotic disease

Rabies

62

What is the shape of the capsid for the Rabies virus

Bullet shaped

63

Which arbovirus causes Sleeping sickness (not african sleeping sickness) and is found east of the mississippi and is transmitted by a mosquito

Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus

64

Which arbovirus is found west of the mississippi and is transmitted by a mosquito

Western Equine Encephalitis Virus

65

Which Arbovirus is found mainly in texas and is transmitted by a mosquito

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis

66

Which Arbovirus is named after St.louis and is transmited by a mosquito

St. Louis Encephalitis virus

67

Which Arbovirus is closely associated with those who handle dead birds, can be transmitted by a mosquito

West Nile Virus

68

What is the vector for California Encephalitis

Mosquito

69

What is the vector for Tick Borne encephalitis

Hard Tick

70

What causes Cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcus Neoformans

71

What is the most common clinical form of cryptococcal infection

Cryptococcal meningitis (cryptococcal neoformans)

72

What is the most common form of african sleeping sickness

West african sleeping sickness

73

What causes west African sleeping sickness and what is the vector

Trypanosoma bruccei Gambinese

Vector = Tsetse fly

74

What causes east african sleeping sickness and what is the vector

Trypanosoma bruccei rhodesiense

Vector = tsetse fly

75

What is the brain eating amoeba, and what causes it

Amebic Meningoencephalopathy

Cause = Naegleria fowleri

76

What is the mode of transmission of Amebic meningoencephalophaty

Inhalation of water

77

What is the cause of Varient Creutzfeldt-jakob disease

Abnormal strains of prion

78

What is the leading cause of nontraumatic blindness in humans and what causes it

Trachoma

Cause = Chlamydia trachomatis

79

What is the most likely bacteria to cause a sty

Staph aureus

80

What bacteria causes newborn conjunctivits (Opthalmia Neonatorium)

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

81

What bacteria causes Swimming pool conjuntivitis

Adenovirus

82

What is the most common cause of Occular herpes

HHV-1 traveling down the opthalmic ganglion of the trigeminal nerve

83

What causes Ocular candidiasis

Candida albicans

84

What disease is caused when someone uses non sterile water to clean contacts

Acanthamoeba keratitis

Caused by: Acanthamoeba

85

What nematode causes Calabar swellings around the eye

Loa Loa (loa loa Filariasis)

86

What is the vector for Loa Loa Filariasis

Deer fly
Mango fly

87

What bacteria causes River blindness (Onchocerciasis)

Onchocerca valvulus

88

What is the vector for Onchocerciasis

Black fly