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Flashcards in Cells Deck (34):
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Cell Membrane

The structure lining the cell that protects the cell's contents and regulates what goes in and out

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The structure lining the cell that protects the cell's contents and regulates what goes in and out

Cell membrane

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Cytoplasm

the gelatinous material located in the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus

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the gelatinous material located in the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus

Cytoplasm

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Nucleolus

produces RNA that forms ribosomes

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produces RNA that forms ribosomes

Nucleolus

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Centrioles

rod-shaped organelles that maintain cell shape and move chromosomes during cell replication

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rod-shaped organelles that maintain cell shape and move chromosomes during cell replication

Centrioles

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Mitochondria

energy producers of the cell

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energy producers of the cell

Mitochondria

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Golgi apparatus

chemical processor of the cell

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chemical processor of the cell

Golgi apparatus

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Endoplasmic reticulum

collection of folded membranes that may contain ribosomes

Rough synthesizes proteins
Smooth synthesizes lipids, some carbs

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collection of folded membranes that may contain ribosomes

Endoplasmic reticulum

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Ribosomes

site of protein synthesis

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site of protein synthesis

Ribosomes

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Vacuoles

small membrane-bound organelles containing water, food, or metabolic waste

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small membrane-bound organelles containing water, food, or metabolic waste

Vacuoles

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Lysosomes

digestive system of the cell

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digestive system of the cell

Lysosomes

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Anaplasia

a change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other

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a change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other

Anaplasia

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Aplasia

lack of development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

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lack of development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

Aplasia

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Dysplasia

abnormal growth or development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

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abnormal growth or development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

Dysplasia

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Hyperplasia

an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or a tissue

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an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or a tissue

Hyperplasia

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Hypoplasia

Incomplete or less than normal development of a tissue, organ, or cell

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Incomplete or less than normal development of a tissue, organ, or cell

Hypoplasia

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Neoplasia

any abnormal new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive. Neoplasms usually form a distinct mass of tissue called a tumor

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any abnormal new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive, usually form a distinct mass of tissue called a tumor

Neoplasia

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Dystrophy

defective growth in the size of an organ or tissue or cell

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defective growth in the size of an organ or tissue or cell

Dystrophy